Metabolism comprises all of the chemical reactions that take place in a living system, be it a cell, a tissue, an organ, or an organism. Metabolic reactions are almost all enzyme-catalyzed and include transformations of energy and nutrients, syntheses and degradations, and excretions of waste products. Chemical changes concerned with the production, storage, and utilization of metabolic energy for biosynthesis are known as intermediary metabolism. Typically, intermediary metabolism includes all aspects of metabolism (including digestion) except those involved in the transfer of genetic information—replication, transcription, and translation.
KeywordsLipoic Acid Glycogen Storage Disease Label Amino Acid Commit Step Digestive Fluid
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Beishir, L., Microbiology in Practice, 6th ed., HarperCollins, New York (1996).Google Scholar
- Bender, D., Nutritional Biochemistry of the Vitamins, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1992).Google Scholar
- Cowan, J. A., Inorganic Biochemistry An Introduction, VCH Publishers, New York (1993).Google Scholar
- Ford, T. C., and Graham, J. M., An Introduction to Centrifugation, Bios Scientific Publishers, Oxford (1991).Google Scholar
- Freshney, R. I., Culture of Animal Cells: A Manual of Basic Technique, 3rd ed., Wiley, New York (1993).Google Scholar
- Matthews, J. C., Fundamentals of Receptor, Enzyme, and Transport Kinetics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida (1993).Google Scholar
- Norman, A. W., and Litwack, G., Hormones, Academic Press, Orlando (1987).Google Scholar
- Russell, J. B., and Cook, G. M., Energetics of bacterial growth: Balance of anabolic and catabolic reactions, Microbiol. Rev. 59:48–62 (1995). Scriver, C. R. The Metabolic and Molecular Bases of Inherited Disease, 7th ed., McGraw-Hill, New York (1995).Google Scholar
- Weindruch, R., Caloric restriction and aging, Sci. Am. 274: 46–52 (1996).Google Scholar