A Cognitive Processing Formulation of Posttrauma Reactions

  • Mark Creamer
Part of the The Plenum Series on Stress and Coping book series (SSSO)


In recent years, considerable interest has been directed toward cognitive processing theories of posttrauma reactions. Such conceptualizations are attractive, since they attempt to explain the underlying mechanisms rather than to replace existing models. From a cultural perspective of trauma, cognitive processing models are perhaps especially appealing. Such an approach may help to explain the interrelationships between cultural and social variables, on the one hand, and individual behavior and experience, on the other. The way in which a potentially traumatic event is appraised and interpreted may be largely influenced by cultural expectations and norms; what is traumatic for one culture may not be so for another. During the recovery phase, cultural rituals, attitudes, and expectations may facilitate or impair the survivor’s ability to process, or come to terms with, the experience.


Cognitive Processing Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptom Level Intrusive Thought Global Severity Index 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark Creamer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MelbourneParkvilleAustralia

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