Beyond Trauma pp 299-305 | Cite as


  • Rolf J. Kleber
Part of the The Plenum Series on Stress and Coping book series (SSSO)


The chapters in this volume differ in emphasis from the prevailing trend in the scientific study of traumatic events and their aftermaths. In the past, research on the consequences of war, combat, violence, disasters and loss has been overwhelmingly directed toward the individual victim. It has been dominated by a perspective emphasizing intrapsychic variables and processes. This is rather understandable, since professional psychologists and psychiatrists from the Western world have been involved in a capacity of caring for victimized or traumatized people. Thus, their consequent publications have been oriented toward the personal problems and suffering of those who have been affected by terror, abuse, and catastrophes.


Mental Health Care Traumatic Event Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Traumatic Experience Traumatic Stress 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. American Psychiatric Association (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, ( 4th ed. ). Washington, DC: Author.Google Scholar
  2. World Health Organization (1992). International classification of diseases and related health problems (10th ed.). Geneva: Author.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rolf J. Kleber
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Clinical and Health PsychologyUtrecht University, and Institute for PsychotherapyUtrechtThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations