Preparation for Surgery and Medical Procedures

  • Barbara G. Melamed
  • Rochelle L. Robbins
  • Shirley Graves


There are large numbers of children for whom the hospital experience results in transient or moderately severe behavioral distrubances (Cassell, 1965). The stress of hospitalization includes fears related to separation from the parents, the distress of unfamiliar surroundings, anxiety about painful procedures, and the discomfort of the recovery from surgery or illness. Behavioral disturbances occurring in as many as 92% of hospitalized children include regressive behaviors such as increased dependency, loss of toilet training, excessive fears, and sleep and eating disturbances (Chapman, Loeb, & Gibbons, 1956; Gellert, 1958; Goffman, Buckman, & Schade, 1957). Since there is such a wide range of reported disturbances, there is a need to identify the population at risk for emotional stress related to hospitalization. Some researchers report that only about 10% to 35% of the problems precipitated by the hospital experience lead to serious long-term disturbances (Prugh, Staub, Sands, Kirschbaum, & Lenihan, 1953).


Parental Involvement Coping Style Medical Procedure Dental Fear Hospital Experience 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barbara G. Melamed
    • 1
  • Rochelle L. Robbins
    • 2
  • Shirley Graves
    • 3
  1. 1.University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Cornell University Medical CenterNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.University of Florida School of MedicineGainesvilleUSA

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