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The Role of Hymenopterous Venoms in Nature

  • Eli Zlotkin


Venom is defined as a mixture of substances which are produced in specialized glandular tissues in the body of the venomous animal and introduced by the aid of a stinging-piercing apparatus into the body of its prey or opponent in order to paralyze and/or kill it. The academic interests in the topic of venoms (Toxinology) is substantially based on considerations concerning (a) public health, dealing with clinical pathological problems of human envenomation and (b) pharmacology-neuropharmacology, which views venoms as a potential source of useful substances for medicine, industry and biological research [1].


Venom Gland Social Wasp Wasp Venom Venomous Animal Alarm Substance 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eli Zlotkin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Cell and Animal Biology Institute of Life SciencesThe Hebrew University of JerusalemJerusalemIsrael

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