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An Inhibitory Effect of Propolis on Germination and Cell Division in the Root Tips of Wheat Seedlings

  • K. Sorkun
  • S. Bozcuk
  • A. N. Gömürgen
  • F. Tekin


In the present work, the effect of five different propolis samples collected from different regions of Turkey (Çankiri, Aksaray, Milas-Kalemli, Gümüşhane-Kaletaş) in 1994 and from Gümüşhane-Kaletaş in 1995 on germination percentage and cell division in the root tips of wheat seedlings (Triticum durum Desf. cv. Kunduru) were studied. For this reason, the ethanolic extracts of propolis (EEP) were prepared in four different concentrations. Our findings show that, propolis solutions (EEP) depending on the concentration, significantly inhibited the percentage of germination in comparison with distilled water and their self alcohol controls. In the root tip cells of EEP-treated seedlings, the mitotic cell division was also inhibited significantly with respect to distilled water control. Propolis samples from Milas-Kalemli and Çankiri regions inhibited the mitotic index significantly as compared with their alcohol controls. The maximum inhibitions in both germination and mitotic index were obtained with the propolis collected from Çankiri. There was a significant difference between the 1994–1995 Gümüşhane-Kaletaş propolis collections, on germination.


Seed Germination Mitotic Index Wheat Seedling Propolis Extract Propolis Sample 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Sorkun
    • 1
  • S. Bozcuk
    • 1
  • A. N. Gömürgen
    • 1
  • F. Tekin
    • 1
  1. 1.Science Faculty Department of BiologyHacettepe UniversityBeytepe-AnkaraTürkiye

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