The Past and Present Importance of Bee Products to Man

  • Eva Crane


At this Conference we are considering the products of social bees, which beekeepers harvest from them. Candidate bees (Table 1, Figure 1) are: first, all the honey bees: Apis mellifera from Europe, eastern Mediterranean lands and Africa; Apis cerana the hive bee in Asia, and Apis dorsata, Apis florea and related species in the tropics of Asia. Second, in the tropics of all continents there are stingless bees (Meliponinae), some 500 species in all. In addition, honey—but not wax—is produced by colonies of honey wasps (Vespidae) and honey ants (Formicinae) and is harvested from them. The wasps live in parts of tropical South America, and the ants in some dry areas of Australia and North America.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eva Crane
    • 1
  1. 1.International Bee Research AssociationBucksUK

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