Spatio-Chromatic Signalling in the Vertebrate Retina

  • Mustafa B. A. Djamgoz
  • Renata Petruv


The optical image focussed on the photoreceptor layer of the retina has distributed within it a variety of informative features that represent visual conditions in the surrounding environment. One of these features is colour. In fact, the functional organization of the vertebrate visual system is such that the colour of a given ‘local’ stimulus is not perceived just according to the wavelengths of light reflected from that point but is also influenced by wavelengths emitted from surrounding areas. This spatio-chromatic phenomenon leads to “colour constancy” whereby the colour of an object appears unchanged under different spectral illumination conditions (Land, 1959). Colour constancy has been demonstrated by both psychophysics and electrophysiology in vertebrates as diverse as fish and primates (Zeki, 1980; 1995; Ingle, 1985).


Ganglion Cell Receptive Field Bipolar Cell Amacrine Cell Horizontal Cell 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mustafa B. A. Djamgoz
    • 1
  • Renata Petruv
    • 1
  1. 1.Neurobiology Group, Biology DepartmentImperial College of Science, Technology and MedicineLondonUK

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