Stresses on the Surface Stress Theory
An understanding of wall growth in prokaryotes will only be achieved by the combined assault of microbial physiology, biochemistry, genetics, and biophysics. Essentially the problem is one in engineering, material science, and architecture; these subjects provide the paradigms that we must used. On this basis, the surface stress theory (SST) was formulated twelve years ago (Koch et al., 1981). Over time it has been variously refined, modified, reviewed, quoted, incorporated into textbooks, restated, attacked, criticized, misunderstood, rejected, and overlooked. I hope here to present it in a fully defendable mature form.
KeywordsFluid Membrane Turgor Pressure Contractile Element Soap Film Soap Bubble
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Glauner, B. and Höltje, J.-V. (1990) Growth pattern of the murein sacculus of Escherichia coll J. Biol. Chem. 265, 18988–18996.Google Scholar
- Holland, L.B., Casaregola, S. and Norris, V. (1990) Cytoskeletal elements and calcium: do they play a role in Escherichia coli? Res. Microbiol. 41, 131–136.Google Scholar
- Koch, A.L. (1984) How bacteria get their shapes: the surface stress theory. Com. Mol. Cell Biophys. 2, 179–196.Google Scholar
- Koch, A.L. (1988 b) The sacculus, a nonwoven, carded, stress-bearing fabric, p. 43–59. (Actor, P., Daneo-Moore, L., Higgins, M.L., Salton, M.R.J. and Shockman, G.D., Eds.), Antibiotic inhibition of bacterial cell surface assembly and function. Amer. Soc. Microbiol., Washington.Google Scholar
- Koch, A.L. (1990 b) Recent extensions of the surface stress theory, p. 39–63. “Microbial Growth Dynamics” (Poole, R.K. and Bazin, M.J. Eds.). Oxford University Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
- Koch, A.L. (1990 c) The relative rotation of the ends of Bacillus subtilis Arch. Microbiol. 153, 569–573.Google Scholar
- Koch, A.L. (1992 b) From before the first cell to after the last universal ancestor. J. Mol. Evol. (in press).Google Scholar
- Koch, A.L., Lane, S.L., Miller, J. and Nickens, D. (1987) Contraction of filaments of Escherichia coliafter disruption of the cell membrane by detergent. J. Bacteriol. 166, 1979–1984.Google Scholar
- Koch, A.L. and Woeste, S.W. (1992) The elasticity of the sacculus of Escherichia coli. J. Bacteriol. (in press).Google Scholar
- Labischinski, H., Barnickel, G., and Naumann, D. (1983) The state of order of bacterial peptidoglycan, p. 49–54. “Target of penicillin” (Hakenbeck, R. Höltje J.-V. and Labischinski, H. Eds.), Walter de Gruyter, Berlin-New York.Google Scholar
- Leps, B., Barnickel, G., Bradaczek, H. and Labischinski, H. (1983) Comparison between the sugar chain conformation in murein and pseudomurein, p. 67–72. “Target of penicillin” (Hakenbeck, R. Höltje J.-V. and Labischinski, H. Eds.), Walter de Gruyter, Berlin-New York.Google Scholar
- Thwaites, J.J. and Mendelson, N.H. (1991). Mechanical behaviour of bacterial cell walls. Adv. Microbial Physiol. 32, 174–222.Google Scholar