Conjugative Pili and Pilus-Specific Phages

  • Laura S. Frost


In the early 1960s, a number of bacteriophages specific for “male” strains of Escherichia coli were discovered both at the Rockefeller University (126, 127, 217) and in Germany (104, 135). In 1964, Crawford and Gesteland (61) observed the R17 phage (163) attached to the sex hair of the F+ cell, a filamentous appendage that was named, more decorously, the F pilus by Brinton and shown to be genetically determined by the fertility factor F of E. coli (48).


Phage Particle Transfer Region Filamentous Phage Incompatibility Group Rigid Pilus 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laura S. Frost
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Microbiology, M330 Biological Sciences BuildingUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada

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