Study of Isotopes Far from the Stability Line
Some of the nuclear properties of atoms may be revealed through their hyperfine structure. It is the case for the nuclear spins which appear in hyperfine structure, in particular in Landé factors g1 of hyperfine sublevels. It is also the case for nuclear moments such as the nuclear magnetic dipole moments μN which are responsible for the appearance of hyperfine magnetic constants AαJ of atomic levels (αJ), as well as the nuclear electric quadrupole moments Q which are involved in hyperfine electric constants BαJ of atomic levels (1). In the latter case, in some way, Q is a measure of the extent to which the nuclear charge distribution deviates from the spherical symmetry.
KeywordsHyperfine Structure Isotope Shift Atomic Beam Alkali Atom Zeeman Sublevel
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