Atomic Scale Imaging of Minerals with the Atomic Force Microscope

  • G. Raina
  • R. W. Gauldie
  • S. K. Sharma
  • C. E. Helsley

Abstract

We present in this paper the surface structure of minerals like mica, calcite and aragonite observed with the atomic force microscope (AFM). Surface images at atomic resolution on mica and calcite were achieved but it was not possible for us to achieve atomic resolution on aragonite crystals. We believe this is due to the poor cleavage in aragonite. Results of an experiment performed on mica to find the variability in the measurement of atomic distances are also presented. In the case of calcite (Iceland spar), we provide an analysis of the surface atomic structure on the (1011) perfect cleavage as observed with the AFM and compare it with X-ray diffraction data.

Keywords

Atomic Force Microscopy Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Cleavage Plane Atomic Resolution Atomic Force Microscopy Study 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Raina
    • 1
  • R. W. Gauldie
    • 1
  • S. K. Sharma
    • 1
  • C. E. Helsley
    • 1
  1. 1.Hawaii Institute of Geophysics, School of Ocean Earth Science and TechnologyUniversity of Hawaii at ManoaHonoluluUSA

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