Heller Myotomy for Esophageal Achalasia

  • Marco G. Patti
  • Sean J. Mulvihill


Achalasia is the best characterized motility disorder affecting the esophagus. The clinical symptoms were first described by Sir Thomas Willis of Oxford, England, in 1674, and the term achalasia (failure to relax) was coined by Sir Cooper Perry in 1913. Achalasia is a rare disorder with an annual incidence of 0.6 to two cases per 100,000 population per year. This disorder causes failure of the principle function of the esophagus, the transport of food from the pharynx to the stomach, because of two basic defects: lack of relaxation of a normotensive or hypertensive lower esophageal sphincter and absence of peristalsis in the esophageal body.


Lower Esophageal Sphincter Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide Heller Myotomy Esophageal Body Lower Esophageal Sphinc Relaxation 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marco G. Patti
  • Sean J. Mulvihill

There are no affiliations available

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