Laparoscopic Antireflux Procedures

  • Hartmuth B. Bittner
  • Theodore N. Pappas


The term gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) has been introduced to represent a wide spectrum of damage to the oropharynx, larynx, respiratory tissue, and esophagus clinically recognized by heartburn.


Lower Esophageal Sphincter Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Reflux Esophagitis Gastroesophageal Junction Mattress Suture 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hartmuth B. Bittner
  • Theodore N. Pappas

There are no affiliations available

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