Sporotrichosis is a subacute to chronic infection of cutaneous and subcutaneous tissues caused by Sporothrix schenckii,a fungus that exhibits temperature dimorphism and is found worldwide in temperate and tropical climates. Infection usually follows local inoculation of the organism, although patients with pulmonary involvement presumably develop infection after inhalation of S. schenckii. Infection is most frequent in persons who have vocations or avocations, such as landscaping, Christmas tree farming, rose gardening, or topiary production, that expose them to the organism. Infections involving osteoarticular structures, lungs, and other organs occur most often in individuals with underlying illnesses, especially alcoholism, diabetes mellitus, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and AIDS.
KeywordsChronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Septic Arthritis Cutaneous Lesion Potassium Iodide Uncommon Manifestation
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