• J. Gary Lilyquist
Part of the Innovations in Science Education and Technology book series (ISET, volume 5)


Two types of leadership affect school districts, schools, and the classroom: formal and informal. Formal leaders are sanctioned through election or appointment. Informal leaders develop power through their ability to give recognition, withhold rewards, or carry out sanctions. The sociograms of school social structures in Dry den, Elkin, and Skyland provide excellent examples of informal leadership.


Grade Level Strategic Plan Board Member Special Education Teacher Formal Leadership 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Gary Lilyquist
    • 1
  1. 1.Independent Quality Consultant in EducationMilltownUSA

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