Virus Variability and Impact on Epidemiology and Control of Diseases
  • E. Kurstak
  • A. Hossain
Part of the Applied Virology Research book series (AVIR, volume 2)


An important number of virus infections and their epidemic developments demonstrate that ineffectiveness of prevention measures is often due to the mutation rate and variability of viruses (Kurstak et al., 1984, 1987). The new human immunodeficiency retroviruses and old influenza viruses are only one among several examples of virus variation that prevent, or make very difficult, the production of reliable vaccines. It could be stated that the most important factor limiting the effectiveness of vaccines against virus infections is apparently virus variation. Not much is, however, known about the factors influencing and responsible for the dramatically diverse patterns of virus variability.


Influenza Virus Mutation Rate Respiratory Syncytial Virus Rabies Virus High Mutation Rate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Kurstak
    • 1
  • A. Hossain
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of MontrealMontrealCanada

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