Synthetic Antiphytoviral Substances

  • G. Schuster
Chapter
Part of the Applied Virology Research book series (AOTP, volume 1)

Abstract

Viral diseases affect all important agricultural crops and cause large economic losses. Unfortunately, hitherto only indirect control measures are available and practiced; for instance, isolation or removal of infected plants, resistance breeding, or prevention of virus transmission by insects through treatment with insecticides in the case of persistent viruses or with oils, milk, and so forth, in the case of nonpersistent viruses. As these prophylactic control measurements are not fully effective, the development and use of antiphytoviral compounds interfering with steps of the replication cycle of viruses but not with the nucleic acid and protein replication of the host would constitute a major technical advance.

Keywords

Tobacco Mosaic Virus Plant Virus Plant Pathol Replication Cycle Benzimidazole Derivative 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aldwinckle, H. S., and Selman, I. W. (1967). Ann. Appl. Biol. 60, 49–58.Google Scholar
  2. Antoniw, J. F., and White, R. F. (1980). Phytopathol. Z. 98, 331–341.Google Scholar
  3. Atchison, B. A., Francki, R. I. B., and Crowley, N. C. (1969). Virology 37, 396–403.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Bailiss, K. W. (1968). Ann. Bot. 32, 543–551.Google Scholar
  5. Bailiss, K. W. (1977). Current Topics in Plant Pathology. Proceedings of a Symposium, Budapest, June 24-27, 1975, Hung. Acad. Sci. 361-373.Google Scholar
  6. Bailiss, K. W., Cocker, F. M., and Cassells, A. C. (1977a). Ann. Appl. Biol. 87, 383–392.Google Scholar
  7. Bailiss, K. W., Balázs, E., and Király, Z. (1977b). Acta Phytopathol. Acad. Sci. Hung. 12, 133–140.Google Scholar
  8. Balázs, E., and Gáborjányi, R. (1974). Z. Pflanzenkr. Pflanzenschutz 81, 389–393.Google Scholar
  9. Balázs, E., Gáborjányi, R., and Király, Z. (1973). Physiol. Plant Pathol. 3, 341–346.Google Scholar
  10. Barta, A., Sum, I., and Foeglein, F. J. (1981). J. Gen. Virol. 56, 219–222.Google Scholar
  11. Bawden, F. C., and Kassanis, B. (1954). J. Gen. Microbiol. 10, 160–173.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Beachy, R. S., and Zaitlin, M. (1975). Virology 63, 84–97.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Bergmann, L. (1958). Phytopathol. Z. 34, 209–220.Google Scholar
  14. Bhardwaj, S. V., Dubey, G. S., and Sharma, I. (1982). Phytopathol. Z. 105, 87–91.Google Scholar
  15. Bobyr, A. D. (1976). In Chemophrophylaxis and Chemotherapy of Viruses Naukowa dumka, Kiew.Google Scholar
  16. Bogusch, L. J., Verderevskaja, T. D., and Schuster, G. (1985). Phytopathol Z. 114, 189–191.Google Scholar
  17. Borissenko, S., Schuster, G., and Schmygla, W. (1985a). Phytopathol. Z. 114, 185–188.Google Scholar
  18. Borissenko, S., Schmygla, W., and Schuster, G. (1985b). Dokl. VASCHINIL Okt. 1985, 10-12.Google Scholar
  19. Byhan, O., Liebert, A., and Schuster, G. (1981). Biochem. Physiol. Pflanzen 176, 577–583.Google Scholar
  20. Cadman, E., and Benz, C. (1980). Biochim. Biophys. Acta 609, 372–382.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Cassells, A. C., and Cocker, F. M. (1982). Z. Naturforsch. 37c, 390–393.Google Scholar
  22. Cassells, A. C., and Long, R. D. (1980). Z. Naturforsch. 35c, 350–351.Google Scholar
  23. Cassells, A. C., Barnett, A., and Barlass, M. (1978). Physiol. Plant Pathol. 13, 13–21.Google Scholar
  24. Chant, S. R., Kimmins, W., Stevens, W., and Wrigley, T. C. (1963). Phyton 20, 105–114.Google Scholar
  25. Chessin, M. (1958). Proceedings of the Third Conference on Potato Virus Diseases, Lisse-Wagenigen, Veen-man & Zonen, Wageningen.Google Scholar
  26. Chiu, R.-J., and Sill, W. H., Jr. (1962). Phytopathology 52, 432–438.Google Scholar
  27. Commoner, B., and Mercer, F. L. (1952). Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 35, 275–289.Google Scholar
  28. Daft, M. J. (1965). Ann. Appl. Biol. 55, 51–56.Google Scholar
  29. Dawson, W. O. (1976). Intervirology 6, 83–89.Google Scholar
  30. Dawson, W. O. (1978). Intervirology 9, 304–309.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Dawson, W. O. (1984). Phytopathology 74, 211–213.Google Scholar
  32. Dawson, W. O., and Grantham, G. L. (1983). Intervirology 19, 155–161.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Dawson, W. O., and Kuhn, C. W. (1972). Virology 47, 21–29.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Dawson, W. O., Schlegel, D. E., and Lung, M. C. Y. (1975). Virology 65, 565–573.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. De Clercq, E., and Holý, A. (1985). J. Med. Chem. 28, 282–287.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. De Clercq, E., Descamps, J., De Somer, P., and Holý, A. (1978). Science 200, 563–565.Google Scholar
  37. De Fazio, G., and Kudamatsu, M. (1983). Antiviral Res. 3, 109–113.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. De Fazio, G., Caner, J., and Vicente, M. (1978). Arch. Virol. 58, 153–156.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. De Fazio, G., Caner, J., and Vicente, M. (1980a). Arch. Virol. 63, 305–309.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. De Fazio, G., Kudamatsu, M., and Vicente, M. (1980b). Fitopatol. Bras. 5, 343–349.Google Scholar
  41. De Fazio, G., Kudamatsu, M., and Vicente, M. (1984). Arq. Inst. Biol. Sao Paulo 51, 27–34.Google Scholar
  42. De Zoeten, G. A., Assink, A. M., and Van Kämmen, A. (1974). Virology 59, 341–355.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Dijkstra, J. (1969). Neth. J. Plant Pathol. 75, 321–328.Google Scholar
  44. Dove, S., Franke, R., Kern, E., Schuster, G., Kochmann, W., and Steinke, W. (1982). Wiss. Z. Karl-Marx-Univ. Leipzig, Math.-Naturwiss. R. 31, 313–320.Google Scholar
  45. El-Dahtory, Th. A. M., Stenz, E., and Schuster, G. (1983). Zentrabl. Mikrobiol. 138, 99–106.Google Scholar
  46. El-Dahtory, Th. A. M., Stenz, E., and Schuster, G. (1984). Zentrabl. Mikrobiol. 139, 375–382.Google Scholar
  47. El-Mazaty, M. A. A. (1985). Dissertation A, Karl-Marx-University, Leipzig, Math.-Naturwiss. Faculty of Sciences.Google Scholar
  48. Fernandez, T. F., and Gáborjányi, R. (1976). Acta Phytopathol. Acad. Sci. Hung. 11, 271–275.Google Scholar
  49. Francki, R. I. B. (1962). Virology 17, 9–21.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. Francki, R. I. B., and Matthews, R. E. F. (1962). Virology 17, 367–380.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. Fraser, R. S. S., and Whenham, R. J. (1978a). J. Gen. Virol. 39, 191–194.Google Scholar
  52. Fraser, R. S. S., and Whenham, R. J. (1978b). Physiol. Plant Pathol. 13, 51–64.Google Scholar
  53. Gaard, G., and De Zoeten, G. A. (1979). Virology 96, 21–31.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. Gianinazzi, S., and Kassanis, B. (1974). J. Gen. Virol. 23, 1–9.Google Scholar
  55. Gold, A. H., and Faccioli, G. (1972). Phytopathol. Medit. 11, 145–153.Google Scholar
  56. Hansen, A. J. (1979). Plant Dis. Rep. 63, 17–20.Google Scholar
  57. Hansen, A. J. (1984). Plant Dis. Rep. 68, 216–218.Google Scholar
  58. Harder, D. E., and Kirkpatrick, H. C. (1970). Phytopathology 60, 1255–1258.Google Scholar
  59. Hariharasubramanian, V. (1968). Phytopathol. Z. 62, 92–99.Google Scholar
  60. Hattori, T., and Sarkar, S. (1981). Mittlg. BBA 203, 242.Google Scholar
  61. Hecht, H., and Diercks, R. (1978). Bayer. Landwirtsch. Jahrb. 55, 433–457.Google Scholar
  62. Hillmann, U. (1984). Diss. Justus Liebig Univ. dessen.Google Scholar
  63. Hirai, T. (1977). Plant Dis. 1, 285–306.Google Scholar
  64. Hoehne, C., Frommhold, I., and Schuster, G. (1983). Potsdamer Forschungen-Wiss. Schriftenreihe Paedagog. Hochsch. Potsdam, Reihe B 35, 153–157.Google Scholar
  65. Horst, R. K., and Cohen, D. (1980). Acta Hort. 110, 315–319.Google Scholar
  66. Horváth, J., and Hunyadi, K. (1973). Acta Phytopathol. Acad. Sci. Hung. 8, 347–350.Google Scholar
  67. Huber, S., and Schuster, G. (1987). Symposium Neue Erkenntnisse und Trends in der Pflanzenphysiologie, Leipzig, June 10-12, (abstr.), p. 39.Google Scholar
  68. Kalonji-M’Buyi, G., and Kummert, J. (1982a). Med. Fac. Landbouww. Rijksuniv. Gent. 47, 1053–1059.Google Scholar
  69. Kalonji-M’Buyi, G., and Kummert, J. (1982b). Parasitica 38, 75–84.Google Scholar
  70. Kassanis, B., and White, R. F. (1975). Ann. Appl. Biol. 79, 215–220.Google Scholar
  71. Kiho, Y. (1970). Jpn. J. Microbiol. 14, 291–301.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  72. Kiho, Y., Abe, T., and Ohashi, Y. (1979). Microbiol. Immunol. 23, 1067–1076.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  73. Király, Z., and Szirmai, J. (1964). Virology 23, 286–288.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  74. Király, Z., El Hammady, M, and Pozsár, B. I. (1968). Phytopathol. Z. 63, 47–63.Google Scholar
  75. Kirkpatrick, H. C., and Lindner, R. C. (1961). Phytopathology 51, 727–730.Google Scholar
  76. Kleinhempel, D., Schuster, G., Vogel, J., and Falkenhagen, D. (1984). Abst. Symp. Biotechnol. 10.-14. Sept. 1984, Leipzig (GDR), 115.Google Scholar
  77. Kluge, S. (1980). Report I of the Seventh International Congress on Infectious and Parasitic Disease, Varna, Bulgaria, October 2-6, 1978.Google Scholar
  78. Kluge, S., and Oertel, C. (1978). Arch. Phytopathol. Pflanzenschutz. (Berl.) 14, 219–225.Google Scholar
  79. Kluge, S., Nuhn, P., Kertscher, N.-P., and Dobner, B. (1984). Acta Virol. 28, 128–133.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  80. Kovalenko, A. G., Barkalova, A. A., Bobyr, A. D., and Votselko, C. K. (1981). Mikrobiol. J. 43, 627–632.Google Scholar
  81. Kroell, J. (1982). Arch. Phytopathol. Pflanzenschutz. (Berl.) 18, 367–368.Google Scholar
  82. Kroell, J. (1985). Zentralbl. Mikrobiol. 140, 225–230.Google Scholar
  83. Kuhn, C. W. (1973). Phytopathology 63, 1235–1238.Google Scholar
  84. Kuhn, C. W. (1977). Intervirology 8, 37–43.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  85. Lapierre, H., Kusiak, C., Albouy, J., Macquaire, G., Férault, A. C., and Staron, T. (1971). Ann. Phytopathol. 3, 3–18.Google Scholar
  86. Lerch, B. (1977). Phytopathol. Z. 89, 44–49.Google Scholar
  87. Lerch, B. (1978). Biol. Bundesanst. Land. Forstwirtsch., Berl. Braunschweig, Jahresber., 135.Google Scholar
  88. Lerch, B. (1979). Ber. Landwirtschaft 57, 555–558.Google Scholar
  89. Lerch, B. (1980). Abstracts of the Fourth International Symposium of Socialist Countries: Antiviral Substances, Szeged, Hungary, 1980.Google Scholar
  90. Liebert, A., and Schuster, G. (1980). Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Mikrobiol. Hyg. [II] 135, 691–695.Google Scholar
  91. Lindner, R. C., Cheo, P. C., Kirkpatrick, H. C., and Govindu, H. C. (1960). Phytopathology 50, 884–890.Google Scholar
  92. Loebenstein, G., Gera, A., Barnett, A., Shabtai, S., and Cohen, J. (1980). Virology 100, 110–115.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  93. Makovcová, O., Sĭndelář, L., and Polák, Z. (1976). Biol. Plant. (Praha) 18, 190–194.Google Scholar
  94. Maramorosch, K. (1957). Science 126, 651–652.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  95. Martin-Tanguy, J., Martin, C., Gallet, M., and Vernoy, R. (1976). C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris [D] 282, 2231–2234.Google Scholar
  96. Matthews, R. E. F. (1955a). Atti VI Congr. Int. Microbiol. 3, 363–372.Google Scholar
  97. Matthews, R. E. F. (1955b). Virology 1, 165–175.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  98. Menzel, G., and Schuster, G. (1979). Abh. Akad. Wiss. DDR, Abt. Math., Naturwiss., Technol. 2, 353–362.Google Scholar
  99. Mercer, F. L., Landhorst, T. E., and Commoner, B. (1953). Science 117, 558–559.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  100. Meyer, M., Foeglein, F. J., and Farkas, G. L. (1977). Phytopathol. Z. 90, 139–146.Google Scholar
  101. Mitra, D. K., and Raychaudhuri, S. P. (1973). Proc. Indian Nat. Sci. Acad. [B] Biol. Sci. 39, 194–198.Google Scholar
  102. Mukherjee, A. K., and Raychaudhuri, S. P. (1966). Plant Dis. Rep. 50, 88–90.Google Scholar
  103. Mukherjee, A. K., Soans, L. C., and Chessin, M. (1967). Nature (Lond.) 216, 1344–1345.Google Scholar
  104. Nariani, T. K. (1963). Indian Phytopathol. 16, 101–102.Google Scholar
  105. Ohashi, Y., and Shimomura, T. (1982). Physiol. Plant Pathol. 20, 125–128.Google Scholar
  106. Oshima, N., and Livingston, C. H. (1961). Am. Potato J. 38, 294–299.Google Scholar
  107. Oshima, N., Sholara, K., Takahashi, Y., Araki, T., Ko, K., and Misato, T. (1984). Abstracts of the Sixth International Congress of Virology, Sendai, Japan, pp. 46-51.Google Scholar
  108. Pennazio, S. (1973). Riv. Pat. Veg. Ser. 49, 3–10.Google Scholar
  109. Pennazio, S., and Redolfi, P. (1980). Microbiologica 3, 475–479.Google Scholar
  110. Pennazio, S., Luisoni, E., and La Colla, P. (1981). Microbiologica 4, 353–357.Google Scholar
  111. Pennazio, S., Roggero, P., and Lenzi, R. (1983). Antiviral Res. 3, 335–346.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  112. Pozsár, B. I., and Király, Z. (1965). Tagungsber. DAL (Berl.), 74, 333–343.Google Scholar
  113. Pustowoit, B., Pustowoit, W., and Schuster, G. (1984). Biochem. Physiol. Pflanz. 179, 507–516.Google Scholar
  114. Pustowoit, B., Pustowoit, W., and Schuster, G. (1985). Biochem. Physiol. Pflanz. 180, 423–429.Google Scholar
  115. Quak, F. (1961). Adv. Hort. Sci. 1, 144–148.Google Scholar
  116. Ragetli, J. P. H., and Weintraub, M. (1974). Contrib. Res. Sta. Agri. Can. Vancouver, B.C., 339, 1–13.Google Scholar
  117. Rajyalakshmi, R., and Raychaudhuri, S. P. (1978). Natl. Acad. Sci. Lett. 1, 125–126.Google Scholar
  118. Ralph, R. K., and Wojcik, S. J. (1976). Biochim. Biophys. Acta 444, 261–268.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  119. Rao, D. G., and Raychaudhuri, S. P. (1965). Indian J. Microbiol. 5, 9–12.Google Scholar
  120. Rehnig, A., and Schuster, G. (1982). Wiss. Z. Karl-Marx-Univ. Leipzig, Math.-Naturwiss. Reihe 31, 331–340.Google Scholar
  121. Sander, E. (1969). J. Gen. Virol. 4, 235–244.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  122. Schlegel, D. E., and Rawlins, T. E. (1954). J. Bacteriol. 67, 103–109.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  123. Schuster, G. (1967). Flora Abt. A. 158, 325–343.Google Scholar
  124. Schuster, G. (1971). Arch. Pflanzenschutz 7, 171–187.Google Scholar
  125. Schuster, G. (1972). Arch. Pflanzenschutz 8, 89–102.Google Scholar
  126. Schuster, G. (1974). Biochem. Physiol. Pflanz. 166, 393–400.Google Scholar
  127. Schuster, G. (1975a). Arch. Phytopathol. Pflanzenschutz 11, 9–17.Google Scholar
  128. Schuster, G. (1975b). Arch. Phytopathol. Pflanzenschutz 11, 255–262.Google Scholar
  129. Schuster, G. (1976). Ber. Inst. Tabakforsch. 23, 21–36.Google Scholar
  130. Schuster, G. (1977). Arch. Phytopathol. Pflanzenschutz 13, 229–239.Google Scholar
  131. Schuster, G. (1978). Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Mikrobiol. Hyg. [B] 133, 686–689.Google Scholar
  132. Schuster, G. (1979). Phytopathol. Z. 94, 72–79.Google Scholar
  133. Schuster, G. (1980). Tagungsber. Akad. Landw.-Wiss. DDR 179, 347–353.Google Scholar
  134. Schuster, G. (1982A). Wiss. Z. Karl-Marx-Univ. Math.-Naturwiss. Reihe 31, 295–312.Google Scholar
  135. Schuster, G. (1982b). Phytopathol. Z. 103, 323–328.Google Scholar
  136. Schuster, G. (1982c). Phytopathol. Z. 103, 77–86.Google Scholar
  137. Schuster, G. (1982d). Wiss. Z. Karl-Marx-Univ. Leipz. Math.-Naturwiss. Reihe 31, 321–330.Google Scholar
  138. Schuster, G. (1983a). Phytopathol. Z. 106, 262–271.Google Scholar
  139. Schuster, G. (1983b). Zeszyty Problemowe Postepów Nauk Rolniczych. 291, 275–289.Google Scholar
  140. Schuster, G. (1983c). Potsdamer Forschungen-Wiss. Schriftenreihe Paedagog. Hochsch. Potsdam, Reihe B 127–142.Google Scholar
  141. Schuster, G. (1984). Symp. Biotechnol. (GDR), (10-19, Sept.) 87-88 (abst.)Google Scholar
  142. Schuster, G. (1987). J. Phytopathol. 118, 109–122.Google Scholar
  143. Schuster, G., and Arenhoevel, C. (1984). Intervirology 21, 134–140.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  144. Schuster, G., and Byhan, O. (1980). Tagungsber. Akad. Landw.-Wiss. DDR 184, 125–136.Google Scholar
  145. Schuster, G., and Hanzsch, C. (1981). Phytopathol. Z. 100, 226–236.Google Scholar
  146. Schuster, G., and Kramer, W. (1982). Arch. Phytopathol. Pflanzenschutz 18, 77–87.Google Scholar
  147. Schuster, G., and Rehnig, A. (1982). Wiss. Z. Karl-Marx-Univ. Leipzig Math-Naturwiss. 31, 331–340.Google Scholar
  148. Schuster, G., and Ulbricht, H. (1985). J. Plant Dis. Prot. 92, 27–36.Google Scholar
  149. Schuster, G., and Vassilev, G. N. (1983a). J. Plant Dis. Prot. 90, 194–199.Google Scholar
  150. Schuster, G., and Vassilev, G. N. (1983b). J. Plant Dis. Prot. 90, 500–504.Google Scholar
  151. Schuster, G., and Vassilev, G. N. (1985). Arch. Phytopathol. Pflanzenschutz 21, 41–51.Google Scholar
  152. Schuster, G., Hoeringklee, W., Winter, H., Esser, G., Steinke, U., Kochmann, W., Kramer, W., and Steinke, W. (1979a). Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Mikrobiol. Hyg. [II] 134, 64–69.Google Scholar
  153. Schuster, G., Hoeringklee, W., Winter, H., Esser, G., Steinke, U., Kochmann, W., Kramer, W., and Steinke, W. (1979b). Acta Virol 23, 412–420.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  154. Schuster, G., Kochmann, W., Kramer, W., Lehmann, K., Steinke, W., Hoeringklee, W., Esser, G., Steinke, U., and Winter, H. (1979c). Potato Res. 22, 279–288.Google Scholar
  155. Schuster, G., Heinisch, L., Schulze, W., Ulbricht, H., and Willitzer, H. (1984a). Phytopathol. Z. 111, 97–113.Google Scholar
  156. Schuster, G., Just, H., and Schwarz, J. (1984b). Z. Pflanzenkr. Pflanzenschutz 91, 569–579.Google Scholar
  157. Selman, I. W. (1964). Ann. Appl. Biol. 53, 67–76.Google Scholar
  158. Selman, I. W., and Arulpragasam, P. V. (1970). Ann. Bot. 34, 1107–1114.Google Scholar
  159. Selman, I. W., and Kandiah, U. (1971). Bull. Entomol. Res. 60, 359–365.Google Scholar
  160. Seth, M. L., and Raychaudhuri, S. P. (1975). Z. Pflanzenkr. Pflanzenschutz 82, 593–603.Google Scholar
  161. Shepard, J. F. (1977). Virology 78, 261–266.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  162. Sidwell, R. W., Huffman, J. H., Khare, G. P., Allen, L. B., Witkowski, J. T., and Robins, R. K. (1972). Science 177, 705–706.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  163. Šindelář, L., and Makovcová, D. (1975). Biol. Plant. (Praha) 17, 371–373.Google Scholar
  164. Šindelář, L., Makovcová, O., and Polak, Z. (1979). Sb. Uvtiv-Ochrana Rostlin 15, 89–94.Google Scholar
  165. Singh, K. B. P. (1964). Diss. Abstr. 25, 19–20.Google Scholar
  166. Sinha, R. C. (1960). Ann. Appl. Biol. 48, 749–755.Google Scholar
  167. Skene, K. G. M. (1972). J. Hort. Sci. 47, 179–182.Google Scholar
  168. Soans, L. C. (1967). Diss. Abstr. 27-12-1, B.P. 4210-1Google Scholar
  169. Staehelin, M., and Gordon, M. P. (1960). Biochim. Biophys. Acta 38, 307–315.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  170. Stein, A., and Loebenstein, G. (1972). Phytopathology 62, 1461–1466.Google Scholar
  171. Stein, A., Loebenstein, G., and Spiegel, S. (1979). Physiol. Plant Pathol. 15, 241–255.Google Scholar
  172. Taniguchi, T. (1976). Phytopathol. Z. 86, 246–251.Google Scholar
  173. Thomas, T. H. (1974). Ann. Appl. Biol. 76, 237–241.Google Scholar
  174. Tomlinson, J. A. (1977). Proceedings of the 1977 British Crop Protection Conference: Pests and Diseases, pp. 807-813.Google Scholar
  175. Tomlinson, J. A., Faithfull, E. M., and Ward, C. M. (1976). Ann. Appl. Biol. 84, 31–41.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  176. Tyihák, E., and Balázs, E. (1976). Acta Phytopathol. Acad. Sci. Hung. 11, 11–16.Google Scholar
  177. Ulrychová-Zelinková, M. (1960). Biol. Plant. (Praha) 3, 240–243.Google Scholar
  178. van Loon, L. C. (1977). Virology 80, 417–420.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  179. Varma, J. P. (1968). Virology 36, 305–308.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  180. Vassilev, G. N., and Jonova, P. A. (1976). Biochem. Physiol. Pflanz. 170, 517–529.Google Scholar
  181. Vicente, M., Barradas, M. M., and Noronha, A. (1972). Biológico 38, 400.Google Scholar
  182. Voigt, B., Mueller, H., and Schuster, G. (1985). Acta Biotechnol. 5, 313–317.Google Scholar
  183. Whenham, R. J., and Fraser, R. S. S. (1981). Physiol. Plant Pathol. 18, 267–278.Google Scholar
  184. Yun, T. G., and Hirai, T. (1968). Ann. Phytopathol. Soc. Jpn. 34, 109–113.Google Scholar
  185. Zabel, P., Jongen-Neven, I., and van Kämmen, A. (1976). J. Virol 17, 679–685.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  186. Zherebchuk, L. K. (1967). Mikrobiol J. 29, 361–364.Google Scholar
  187. Zhuk, I. P., Didenko, L. F., and Gorbarenko, N. J. (1970). Biol. Nauki (Mosc.) 13, 108–110.Google Scholar
  188. Žmurko, L. I., and Bobyr, A. D. (1974). Izd-vo VASCHNIL 38.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Schuster
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiosciencesKarl-Marx-University of LeipzigLeipzigGerman Democratic Republic

Personalised recommendations