Implementation of Integrated Optic Systems with Active Waveguides, Passive Waveguides, and Optical Fibers
We currently stand at the threshold of a world society served and linked together by light. Fiber optic telecommunications is already a reality in most of the industrialized sector. Due to the high volume telephone communications market, optical fiber and associated optical sources and detectors are now off-the-shelf commodities. But telephone communications, now largely made up of voice and data transfer, is merely the embiyo. There is a myriad of other practical, commercial applications for optical devices and systems. The scope of these applications will be determined by the economics, as well as ergonomics, of their implementation.
This report provides an overview of the implementation of guided-wave integrated optics systems in terms of constituent components. The emphasis is on semiconductor waveguide devices, which endow these systems with reconiigurability and thus make them active. We present our view of the performance limits and current technology challenges confronting the practical implementation of active waveguide devices and subsystems. We discuss applications of the active waveguide device concept to higher levels of network integration for space, avionics, and sensor applications. The roles of passive waveguides cast on a single substrate and optical fibers—the ultimate link for practically all guided wave optical systems—are also discussed.
KeywordsSemiconductor Optical Amplifier Optical Amplifier Ridge Waveguide Coupling Loss Multimode Fiber
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 2.Balestra, C.L., Blackwell, R.J., B.C. Johnson, B.C., and Perrymore, L.G., Monolithic semiconductor active waveguide optical crossbar switch, SPIE Meeting on Photonics for Space 1953:18 (1993).Google Scholar
- 3.Rice, R.R., Zediker, M.S., Balestra, C.L., Priest, J.A., Monolithic active waveguide optical crossbar switch, US Patent No. 5,283,844 (1994).Google Scholar
- 8.Kirihara, T., Ogawa, M., Tsuji, Inoue, H., High-speed signal-transmission performance in a lossless 4 x 4 optical switch for photonic switching, OFC ′94 Technical Digest 4:55 (1994).Google Scholar
- 12.Booth, B.L., Optical interconnection polymers, in: ”Polymers for lightwave and Integrated Optics,“ L. Hornak, ed., Marcel Dekker, New York (1992).Google Scholar
- 16.Herrick, R.J., Beam propagation modeling of intersecting rib waveguides, McDonnell Douglas Corporation, Unpublished (1988).Google Scholar
- 21.Balestra, C.L., Atkinson, T.L. , Johnson, B.C., and Perrymore, L.G., Semiconductor active waveguide reconfigurable optical interconnect devices and networks, SPIE Meeting on Photonics for Space Environments 1953:19 (1993).Google Scholar
- 23.Crofts, D., Balestra, C., Dreisewerd, D., Lambert, S., Rice, R., Simmons, S., Current capabilities and photonics trends in optical intersatellite links, AIAA - 1 Sth Satellite Communications Conference (1993).Google Scholar
- 24.Advanced systems avionics (ASA) technology and applications assessment (Pave Pace), Final Report, Contract No. F33615–89-C-1110, Rep. MDC 91B0643, (1992).Google Scholar
- 25.Haake, J.M., Fairles, R.T., Development of a fiberoptic interferometer demodulation/multiplexing system using an active 1 x 10 photonic polarization preserving fiber coupler, SPIE Conference on Smart Structures 1918:54 (1993).Google Scholar