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The Effects of Stereotypes on Children’s Use of Decision Heuristics

  • Denise Davidson
  • Marie MacKay
  • Diana Jergovic
Part of the Social Psychological Applications to Social Issues book series (SPAS, volume 3)

Abstract

One recurrent finding of decision-making research is that adults do not always use normatively optimal decision rules when making decisions (e.g., Einhorn & Hogarth, 1981; Kahneman, Slovic, & Tversky, 1982; Slovic, Fischhoff, & Lichtenstein, 1977). The failure of normative rules to describe adult decision making has been attributed to the sometimes extreme demands such rules place on our limited-capacity information-processing system. In turn, heuristics are often employed to simplify the decision-making process (e.g., Kahneman et al., 1982). The utilization of such heuristics may, however, cause a person to overlook useful information and consequently, commit errors in judgment (but see Cohen [1981] for a different interpretation).

Keywords

Base Rate Bike Ride Conjunction Fallacy Conjunction Problem Probable Alternative 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Denise Davidson
    • 1
  • Marie MacKay
    • 1
  • Diana Jergovic
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyLoyola University of ChicagoChicagoUSA

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