Precedents and Professors—The Struggle Over Common Ground

Reply to Commentators
  • Joseph F. Rychlak


If I understand the outlook of Professors Baker, Robinson, and Weimer correctly, all three are either proteleology or at least willing to look at this possibility in psychological theorizing. They just do not care for what I am doing in this regard. I had asked the editors of this journal to seek comments from colleagues on the other side of the question, hoping to engage them in debate that might have some influence on the thinking of my opponents, as well as on my own. As one oriented to dialectical human reasoning, I believe that much is to be gained from such oppositional exchanges (see, e.g., Rychlak, 1972). Apparently, we were unable to draw the other side into such discussion. But never mind: I am up to my neck in debate with my own kind. My present critics have found my ideas and empirical tests seriously wanting. My presentation also seems to have led to misunderstandings. I hope that my own shortcomings will not prejudice the reader against further consideration of telic explanation in human behavior. I thank my critical colleagues for taking the time to read my paper and to comment as they have done. I hope that this opportunity for a rejoinder will reassure the reader that my scholarship and my way of reaching for the telic human image are not so deficient as my colleagues make them out to be.


Indian Philosophy Great Book Efficient Causation Mediation Theory Simple Force 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Angell, J. R. The province of functional psychology. Psychological Review, 1907, 2, 61–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aristotle. Physics. In R. M. Hutchins (Ed.), Great books of the western world (Vol. 8). Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica, 1952.Google Scholar
  3. Bacon, F. Advancement of learning. In R. M. Hutchins (Ed.), Great books of the western world (Vol. 30). Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica, 1952.Google Scholar
  4. Bergmann, G., & Spence, K. Operationism and theory in psychology. Psychological Review, 1941, 48, 1–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Blumenthal, A. L. The founding father we never knew. Contemporary Psychology, 1979, 24, 547–550.Google Scholar
  6. Cassirer, E. The problem of knowledge. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1950.Google Scholar
  7. Hull, C. L. Mind, mechanism, and adaptive behavior. Psychological Review, 1937, 44, 1–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Jung, C. G. Letter to Joseph F. Rychlak, 27 April 1959. In G. Adler & A. Jaffe (Eds.), C. G. Jung letters (Vol. 2). Princeton, N. J.: Princeton University Press, 1975.Google Scholar
  9. Kendler, H. H. Psychology: A science in conflict. New York: Oxford University Press, 1981.Google Scholar
  10. Plato, Gorgias. In R. M. Hutchins (Ed.), Great books of the western world (Vol. 7). Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica, 1952.Google Scholar
  11. Raju, P. T. Metaphysical theories in Indian philosophy. In C. A. Moore (Ed.), The Indian mind: Essentials of Indian philosophy and culture. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1967.Google Scholar
  12. Rychlak, J. F. Communication in human concordance: Possibilities and impossibilities. In J. H. Masserman & J. J. Schwab (Eds.), Man for humanity: On concordance vs. discord in human behavior. Springfield, Illinois: Charles C Thomas, 1972.Google Scholar
  13. Rychlak, J. F. Comments on “The self as the person.” In A. Wandersman, P. Poppen, & D. Ricks (Ed.), Humanism and behaviorism: Dialogue and growth. New York: Pergamon Press, 1976. (a)Google Scholar
  14. Rychlak, J. F. The multiple meanings of “dialectic.” In J. F. Rychlak (Ed.), Dialectic: Humanistic rationale for behavior and development. Basel, Switzerland: Karger, 1976. (b)Google Scholar
  15. Rychlak, J. F. The psychology of rigorous humanism. New York: Wiley-Interscience, 1977.Google Scholar
  16. Rychlak, J. F. A non-telic teleology? American Psychologist, 1979, 34, 438–439.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Rychlak, J. F. A philosophy of science for personality theory (2nd ed.). Malabar, Florida: Krieger, 1981. (a)Google Scholar
  18. Rychlak, J. F. Introduction to personality and psychotherapy: A theory-construction approach (2nd ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1981. (b)Google Scholar
  19. Sameroff, A. J., & Cavanagh, P. J. Learning in infancy: A developmental perspective. In J. D. Osofsky (Ed.), Handbook of infant development. New York: Wiley, 1979.Google Scholar
  20. Seligman, M. E. P. On the generality of the laws of learning. Psychological Review, 1970, 77, 406–418.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Weizenbaum, J. Computer power and human reason: From judgment to calculation. San Francisco: Freeman, 1976.Google Scholar
  22. Wundt, W. Lectures on human and animal psychology (4th ed.). New York: Macmillan, 1907. (1st ed., 1894)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph F. Rychlak
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyLoyola University of ChicagoChicagoUSA

Personalised recommendations