Toward a Theory of Individual and Group Differences in Personality and Social Behavior
  • J. Philippe Rushton


Sociobiology, the latest synthesis of Darwinian theory, has many implications for the psychology of individual differences. Six issues are reviewed within a general context of sociobiological considerations: (a) the notion of genetic variance; (b) the fundamental postulate of sociobiology, that is, that individuals behave so as to maximize their inclusive fitness; (c) an application of the sociobiological perspective to possible universals in human behavior; (d) the inheritance of individual differences in activity level, aggression, altruism, chronogenetics, criminality, dominance, emotionality, intelligence, locus of control, political attitudes, sexuality, sociability, values, and vocational interest; (e) group differences (e.g., sex, socioeconomic, and ethnic) in inherited behavior; and (f) genetic trait × social learning interactions. It is concluded that a significant proportion of human personality is inherited and that this has important implications for the behavioral sciences.


Individual Difference Social Learning Twin Pair Brain Size Human Personality 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Philippe Rushton
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Western OntarioLondonCanada

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