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Introduction

  • Anthony S. Acampora
Part of the Applications of Communications Theory book series (ACTH)

Abstract

The field of modern telecommunications is being rapidly transformed by megatrends in three underlying core technologies: microelectronics, photonics, and software. In the field of microelectronics, advances in materials, design methodologies, high-resolution photolithography, and fabrication processes have produced high-gate-count very large scale integration (VLSI) circuitry characterized by ultrahigh reliability and capable of performing highly sophisticated functions at fast, real-time clock speeds. Submicron complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) technology permits single-chip custom integration approaching an equivalent count of one million gates if the circuit pattern is regular (e.g., memories, certain types of packet switches) and can be operated at a clock speed of 100–200 MHz. Emitter coupled logic (ECL), while not permitting as high a degree of integration as CMOS, can operate at clock speeds approaching 1 GHz with moderate functional complexity and even higher speeds with further-reduced functional complexity. Gallium arsenide (GaAS) technology, while not as mature as CMOS and ECL silicon technology, is capable of operating at clock speeds in excess of 10 Gbit/sec. These capabilities, in turn, have had profound impact on the fields of consumer and military electronics, computers, and telecommunications.

Keywords

Time Slot Medium Access Control Transport Network Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor Very Large Scale Integration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anthony S. Acampora
    • 1
  1. 1.Columbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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