The Ecological Basis for Biological Control

  • Robert van den Bosch
  • P. S. Messenger
  • A. P. Gutierrez

Abstract

Biological control is a natural phenomenon that, when applied successfully to a pest problem, can provide a relatively permanent, harmonious, and economical solution. But because biological control is a manifestation of the natural association of different kinds of living organisms, i.e., parasites and pathogens with their hosts and predators with their prey, the phenomenon is a dynamic one, subject to disturbances by other factors, to changes in the environment, and to the adaptations, properties, and limitations of the organisms involved in each case (Huffaker and Messenger, 1964).

Keywords

Biological Control Natural Enemy Mortality Factor Natural Control Biological Control Program 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert van den Bosch
    • 1
  • P. S. Messenger
    • 1
  • A. P. Gutierrez
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Biological ControlUniversity of California, BerkeleyAlbanyUSA

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