Study II: Intervention Process and Outcome Results
The results from Study I confirmed that the intervention model of behavioral contracting and child advocacy reduced officially recorded delinquent behavior to a greater extent than treatment-as-usual by a juvenile court. The major purpose of Study II was to examine the generalizability of this treatment by varying volunteer types to include community college students (CCV) and individuals from the community at large (CV), as well as university student volunteers (UV). Although other intervention models were effective in reducing delinquent behavior, the Action model received the highest satisfaction ratings from the volunteers. For this reason, the Action model was the one selected for implementation in Study II. Thus Study II involved the experimental comparison of three different types of nonprofessional volunteers implementing the Action model with treatment-as-usual by a juvenile court. As with Study I, the control comparison was a group of randomly assigned juveniles who had been petitioned to the juvenile court. Once randomization had been completed, these juveniles were returned to the court staff for treatment-as-usual. Once again, the process results are important for understanding the context of the outcome findings. Therefore, each set of analyses is presented in this order.
KeywordsParental Knowledge Juvenile Justice System School Intervention Juvenile Court Community Volunteer
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