Air Pollution pp 129-196 | Cite as

Practical Demonstration of Multiple-Source Urban Air Quality Simulation Models

  • Erich Weber
Part of the NATO · Challenges of Modern Society book series (NATS, volume 2)

Abstract

A comprehensive survey of models has been presented in chapter 2. A review of the variety of applications of Gaussian plume models was outlined in chapter 3. Information on the capabilities, applicability and limitations of the Gaussian plume model has been given in chapter 4.

Keywords

Area Source Dispersion Model Dispersion Parameter Space Heating Cumulative Frequency Distribution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. BERGER, A.; DEMUTH, Cl.; JACQUARDT, Y.; SCHAYES, G. Preliminary results of applying the LPADM model to the Standard Data Base of Frankfurt/Main. Université Catholique de Louvain Institut D’Astronomie et de Géophysique George Lemaitre, 1976Google Scholar
  2. BERGER, A., DEMUTH, Cl. Sensitivity analysis of the LPADM. Institute of Astronomy and Geophysics, Progress Report 1977/5, Catholic University of Louvainla-Neuve.Google Scholar
  3. BERGER, A.; LEGROS, Chr., (1978) Sensitivity of a Gaussian Plume Model to the vertical dispersion parameters. In 9th NATO/CCMS ITM Air Pollution Modeling and it’s application, Toronto, 28–31 August 1978. NATO/CCMS No. 103, p. 485–598.Google Scholar
  4. BOWNE, N.E. et al. (1971) A regional air quality simulation model; Research Corporation of New England, Hartford, Connecticut.Google Scholar
  5. BRAIG, A. (1975) Results of the revised ATDL-model compared with the results of the AQDM- and CDM-models; Proc. of the Sixth Intern. Techn. Meeting on Air Pollution Modeling and its Application, Frankfurt 24. - 26. Sept. 1975, NATO/CCMS Doc. No. 42Google Scholar
  6. BRINGFELT. B.; HJORTH, T.; RING, S. (1974) A numerical air pollution dispersion model for Central Stockholm; Atm. Env. 131–148.Google Scholar
  7. BUSSE, A.D.; ZIMMERMANN, J.R. (1973) User’s guide for the climatological dispersion model; National Environmental Research Center, North Carolina EPA-RA-73–025Google Scholar
  8. BULTYNCK, H.; MALET, L. (1969) Diffusion turbulente des effluents emis dans l’atmosphere par une source elevée a emission continue en relation avec la stabilité de l’air Rep. BLG 434 Studiencentrum voor Kernenergie, Centre d’Etude de l’Energie Nucleaire, Mol, BelgiumGoogle Scholar
  9. BULTYNCK, H.; MALET, L. (1972) Evaluation of atmospheric dilution factors for effluents diffused from an elevated continuous point source; Tellus XXIV, 455–472Google Scholar
  10. DILGER, H.; NESTER, K. (1975) Aufstellung und Vergleich verschiedener Schemata zur Bestimmung von Ausbreitungsklassen; Meteorol. Rdsch. 28, 12–17Google Scholar
  11. V. FALSER, H.; MICHELMANN, K.; STROTT, J. (1972) Vergleich von Richtlinien für die Berechnung von Schornsteinmindesthöhen; Forschungsauftrag des Bundesministeriums des Innern, Battelle-Institut, FrankfurtGoogle Scholar
  12. FORTAK, H. (1966) Rechnerische Ermittlung der S02-Grundbelastung aus Emissionsdaten - Anwendung auf die Verhältnisse von Bremen; Publ. of the Institute for Theoretical Meteorology, Free University of BerlinGoogle Scholar
  13. FORTAK, H. (1970) Numerical simulation of temporal and spatial distributions of urban air pollution concentration; in: Proc. Symp. on Multiple-Source Urban Diffusion Models ( Ed.: A. STERN) APCO-Rep. No. AP 86Google Scholar
  14. FORTAK, H.; GUTSCHE, B.; STERN, R. (1975) Further investigations of the ambient air quality situation in the Unter-Main Region making use of FORTAK’s dispersion model; Proc. of the Sixth Int. Techn. Meeting on Air Pollution Modeling and its Application, Frankfurt 24. - 26. Sept. 1975, NATO/CCMS Doc. No. 42Google Scholar
  15. GIFFORD, F.A.; HANNA, St.R. (1970) Urban air pollution modeling; Proc. 2nd Int. Clean Air Congress, Washington, Dec. 11, 1970 ( Eds.: H.M. ENGLUND, W.T. BURY )Google Scholar
  16. GRONSKEI, K.E. (1975) Current and future needs for air quality simulation models; Oppdragsrapport Nr. 5/75, Norsk Institutt for Luftforskning, Kjeller, NorwayGoogle Scholar
  17. GUTSCHE, B.; LENSCHOW, P. (1973) Untersuchung zur Luftverunreinigungssituation Berlin unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der politischen Lage der Gesamtstadt (and subsequent report on sensitivity analysis); Publ. of the Institute for Theoretical Meteorology; Free University of Berlin ( Study commissioned by the Senator für Gesundheit und Umweltschutz, Berlin);Google Scholar
  18. GUTSCHE, B.; JOST, D.; LUDWIG, Ch. (1977) A unit construction system of dispersion models for air quality management; 8th Int. Techn. Meeting on Air Poll. Modeling and its Applications; Pilot Study Air Pollution, Louvain-la-Neuve, Sept. 1977, NATO/CCMS Doc. No. 80Google Scholar
  19. KLUG, W. (1969) Ein Verfahren zur Bestimmung der Ausbreitungsbedingungen aus synoptischen Beobachtungen; Staub-Reinhaltung der Luft 29, 142–147Google Scholar
  20. KOCH, R.C.; THAYER, S.D. (1971) Validation and Sensitivity Analysis of the Gaussian Plume Multiple-Source Urban Diffusion Model; GEOMET Rep. No. EF-60 (Nov. 1971 )Google Scholar
  21. KOOGLER, J.B. et al. (1967) A multivariate model for atmospheric dispersion predictions; J. Air Poll. Control Ass.Google Scholar
  22. KRETZSCHMAR, J.G.; DE BAERE, G.; VANDERVEE, J. (1976) Validation of the immission frequency distribution model in the region of Antwerpen, Belgium; Proc. of the 7th Int. Techn. Meeting on Air Pollution Modeling and its Application, Airlie House, Virginia, 07. - 10. Sept. 1976, NATO/CCMS Doc. No. 51Google Scholar
  23. KRETZSCHMAR, J.G., et al. (1977) Some practical examples of the impact of individual sources upon the cumulative frequency distributions of the daily SO2concentrations in an urban and industrial area; Proc. 8th Int. Techn. Meeting on Air Pollution Modeling and its Application, Louvain-la-Neuve 20. - 23. Sept. 1977, NATO/CCMS Doc. No. 80Google Scholar
  24. KRETZSCHMAR, J.G.; DE BAERE, G.; VANDERVEE, J. (1978) The immission frequency distribution model of the S.C.K./C.E.N., Mol, Belgium in: Modeling, Identification and Control in Environmental Systems, Vansteenkirte, ed., North-Holland Publishing CompanyGoogle Scholar
  25. KRETZSCHMAR, J.G.; MERTENS, I. ( 1978 a) Influence of the turbulence typing scheme upon the yearly average concentrations calculated by means of a bi-Gaussian model; Proc. of the 9th Int. Techn. Meeting on Air Pollution Modeling and its Application, Toronto 28. - 31. Aug. 1978, NATO/CCMS Doc. No. 103Google Scholar
  26. KROPP, L. et al. (1976) Standardisierung und Weiterentwicklung der Ausbreitungsrechnung Teil III.: Immissionsberechnung für eine Großstadt (“Test-City”) within contract of the Federal Ministry of the Interior; TÜV RheinlandGoogle Scholar
  27. LEGROS, Chr., BERGER, A., (1978) Sensitivity of a Gaussian Plume Model. In “WMO Symposium on Boundary Layer Physics applied to Specific Problems of Air Pollution”, Norköpping, June 1978. WMO No. 510, p. 169–174.Google Scholar
  28. LUDWIG, F.L.; MANCUSO, R.L. (1972) User’s manual for the APPRAC-1A urban diffusion model computer Program; Stanford Research Institute; Menlo Park, CaliforniaGoogle Scholar
  29. LEHMANN, A. (1968) Ein Vergleich der in verschiedenen Länder in der Gutachterpraxis gebräuchlichen Methoden zur Abschätzung der Ausbreitung luftfremder Stoffe in der Atmosphäre; Z.f. Met. 20, 131–148Google Scholar
  30. MANIER, G. (1975) Vergleich zwischen Ausbreitungsklassen und Temperaturgradienten; Meteorolog. Rdsch. 28, 6–11Google Scholar
  31. MASSER, C.C.; HAMMERLE, J.R. (1975) Using sensitivity analysis to determine dispersion modeling input requirements; Proc. of the Sixth Int. Techn. Meeting on Air Pollution Modeling and its Application, Frankfurt 24. - 26. Sept. 1975, NATO/CCMS Doc. No. 42Google Scholar
  32. MOSES, H.; KRAIMER, M.R. (1972) Plume rise determination: a new technique without equations; J. Air Poll. Control Ass. 22, 621–630Google Scholar
  33. MÜLLER, K.H. (1975) Dispersion characteristics via tracer techniques; Proc. of the Sixth Int. Techn. Meeting on Air Poll. Modeling and its Application, Frankfurt, 24. - 26. Sept., 1975. NATO/CCMS Doc. No. 42Google Scholar
  34. NIEUWSTADT, F.T.M. (1975) Stabiliteitsklassen en dispersiecoeffizienten; Wetenschappelijk Rapport W.R. 75–3, Koninglijk Nederlands Meteorologisch Institut, De BiltGoogle Scholar
  35. NIEUWSTADT, F.T.M.; VAN DOP, H. (1975) Validation of a multiple source diffusion model based on the Gaussian plume model; Proc. of the Sixth Int. Techn. Meeting on Air Poll. Modeling and its Application, Frankfurt, 24. - 26. Sept., 1975, NATO/CCMS Doc. No. 42Google Scholar
  36. NIEUWSTADT, F.T.M.; ENGELDAL, C.A. ( 1976 ) Application of the recommended national air pollution model of the Netherlands to the NATO common data base for the Frankfurt area; De Bilt, 1976Google Scholar
  37. PORTER, R.A.; WOLBACH, C.D. (1975) Mathematical effects of input parameter errors on model predictions; Spec. Conf. on Air Poll. Measurement Accuracy as it Relates to Regulation Compliance; Louisiana Section; Air Poll. Contr. Ass. New OrleansGoogle Scholar
  38. ROBERTS, J.J.; CROKE, E.S.; KENNEDY, A.S. (1970) An urban atmospheric dispersion model. In: Proc. Symp. on Multiple-Source Urban Diffusion Models (Ed.: A STERN) APCO-Rep. No. AP-86Google Scholar
  39. SCHJOLDAGER, J. (1974) Program KILDER Beregning av spredning fra punktkilder og volumkilder; Programbeskrivelse og brukerveiledning; Teknisk nota Nr. 2/75; Norsk Instituut for Luftforskning, Kjeller, NorwayGoogle Scholar
  40. SCHULTZ, H.; VOELZ, E. (1975) Statistische Analyse des Ausbreitungsverhaltens von Abluft-f ahnen während einer mehrstündigen Emission in Norddeutschland; Rep. ATS-TUH-1078 Techn. Universität Hannover, Abt. für techn. StrahlenschutzGoogle Scholar
  41. SHIEH, L.J.; DAVIDSON, B.; FRIEND, J.P. (1970) A model of diffusion in urban atmospheres; SO2 in Greater New York; in: Proc. Symp. on Multiple-Source Urban Diffusion Models (Ed.: A. STERN) APCO-Rep. No. AP-86Google Scholar
  42. SIVERTSEN, B. (1977) Application of the Norwegian multiple source model “KILDER” to the NATO/CCMS data base from the Frankfurt area, Lillestr4m 1977Google Scholar
  43. STERN, R.; GUTSCHE, B.; TIMM, B. (1977) Calculation of the ambient air quality situation using the NATO/ CCMS common data base for the, B. (1977) Calculation of the ambient air quality situation using the NATO/ CCMS common data base for the “Test-City” Berlin 1977Google Scholar
  44. STROTT, J.K.; CHRIST, W. (1975) Sensitivity analysis of parameters affecting the results of Gaussian models“ Proc. of the Sixth Int. Techn. Meeting on Air Poll. Modeling and its Application, Frankfurt 24. - 26. Sept. 1975; NATO/CCMS Doc. No. 42Google Scholar
  45. THAYER, S.D.; KOCH, R.C. (1972) Sensitivity analysis of the multiple-source Gaussian plume urban diffusion model. Conf. on Urban Environment and 2nd Conf. on Biometeorology, Oct. 31. - Nov. 2., 1972, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.Google Scholar
  46. TIKVART, J.A.; MARTIN, D.O. (1968) A general atmospheric diffusion model for estimating the effects of one or more sources on air quality; Annual meeting of the Air Pollution Control Ass., June 1968Google Scholar
  47. VERMAAS, E.H.J.; NIEUWSTADT, F.T.M. (1975) Manual for the Gaussian plume model computer-program; Wetenschappelijk Rapport W.R. 75–3, Koninglijk Nederlands Meteorologisch Instituut, De BiltGoogle Scholar
  48. VOGT, K.J.; GEISS, H. (1974) Kurzzeit-und Langzeitausbreitungsfaktoren zur Berechnung der Umweltbelastung durch Abluftfahnen; ZST-Report No. 198, KFA JülichGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erich Weber
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal Ministry of the InteriorBonnFederal Republic of Germany

Personalised recommendations