High Resolution, Long-Period Modelling of Photochemical Oxidants over Europe

  • Joakim Langner
  • Christer Persson
  • Lennart Robertson
Part of the NATO • Challenges of Modern Society book series (NATS, volume 22)


Concentrations of surface ozone over Europe currently exceeds the critical levels over which damage to vegetation and health may occur in many locations. This is true also in northern Europe and over Sweden regarding critical levels for vegetation and also occasionally, during summer in southern Sweden, regarding critical levels for human health. Optimising measures to reduce these exeedances, both nationally and internationally, requires a better understanding of the importance of various types of precursor emissions and processes influencing the distribution of photochemical oxidants.


Surface Ozone Photochemical Oxidant Advective Flux High Ozone Concentration Scavenge Coefficient 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joakim Langner
    • 1
  • Christer Persson
    • 1
  • Lennart Robertson
    • 1
  1. 1.Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological InstituteNorrköpingSweden

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