Hemispheric-Scale Modelling of Sulphate and Black Carbon and their Direct Radiative Effects

  • Trond Iversen
  • Alf Kirkevåg
  • Øyvind Seland
Part of the NATO • Challenges of Modern Society book series (NATS, volume 22)


Airborne particulate matter is abundant in the atmosphere, with a typical spatial variability which reflects the relatively short atmospheric residence time on the order of a week. Natural aerosol particles originate from wind-blown dust in continental areas, from sea-spray over oceans, and from gas-to-particle conversions in the air. Man-made aerosol particles is mainly produced by gas-to-particle conversions, except for local scale dispersion of giant particles which is not included in our work.


Black Carbon Biomass Burning Cloud Droplet Particulate Sulphate Aerosol Model 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Trond Iversen
    • 1
  • Alf Kirkevåg
    • 1
  • Øyvind Seland
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeophysicsUniversity of OsloBlindernOsloNorway

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