Introduction of a Forest Fire Effect in a Mesoscale Dispersion Model

  • C. Borrego
  • A. I. Miranda
  • M. Nunes
Part of the NATO • Challenges of Modern Society book series (NATS, volume 22)


Burning is a locally, regionally, and globally important biospheric phenomenon. Globally, biomass burning is a major contributor of greenhouse gases and particulate matter to the atmosphere. Andreae (1991) estimated a value of 40% for the annual contribution of biomass burning to the total annual greenhouse gases emissions. In Portugal, the contribution of forest fire’s emissions to the total greenhouse gases emissions could reach about 10% (Miranda et al., 1994a).


Heat Source Forest Fire Biomass Burning Local Standard Time Atmospheric Flow 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Andreae, M. 1991 Biomass Burning: Its History, Use, and Distribution and Its Impact on Environmental Quality and Global Climate. In Global Biomass Burning. Atmospheric, Climatic, and Biospheric Implications. Ed. J. Levine. Massachussets Institute of Technology, pp. 3-21.Google Scholar
  2. Borrego, C. and Miranda, A. I. 1994. Study of the Atmospheric Dispersion of Gases and Aerosols.Department of Environment and Planning, University of Aveiro. AMB-QA-(3)/94.Google Scholar
  3. Borrego, C., Miranda, A. I. and Carvalho, A. C. 1996 Modelling Wind and Smoke Dispersion. MINERVE II. Final Report. Department of Environment and Planning, University of Aveiro. AMB-QA-(3)/96.Google Scholar
  4. Chandler, C., Cheney, P., Thomas, P., Trabaud, L. and Williams, D. 1991 Fire in Forestry. Volume I. Forest Fire Behavior and Effects. Krieger Publishing Company. Malabar, Florida.Google Scholar
  5. Coutinho, M. and Borrego, C. 1995 Application of Transilient Turbulence Theory to a Mesoscale Meteorological Model. Proceedings of the 11th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence. American Meteorological Society, Charlotte.Google Scholar
  6. Lopes, A. 1993 Modelação Numérica e Experimental do Escoamento Turbulento em Topografia Complexa: Aplicação ao Caso de um Desfiladeiro. PhD. Thesis. Departamento de Engenharia Mecânica. Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra. pp. 320.Google Scholar
  7. Miranda, A. I. (1997) Estudo dos Efeitos na Qualidade do Ar das Emissôes dos Incêndios Florestais. PhD. Thesis. Departamento de Ambiente e Ordenamento da Universidade de Aveiro. To be published.Google Scholar
  8. Miranda, A. I., Coutinho, M. and Borrego, C. 1994a Forest Fire Emissions in Portugal: A Contribution to Global Warming? Environmental Pollution, 83, pp. 121–123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Miranda, A. I., Borrego, C. and Viegas, D. 1994b Forest Fire Effects in the Air Quality. In Air Pollution II. Volume: Computer Simulation. Ed. Baldasano, Brebbia, Power and Zannetti. Computational Machanics Publications. Southampton, Boston. pp. 191-199.Google Scholar
  10. Moussiopoulos N. 1989 Mathematische Modellierung mesoskaliger Ausbreitung in der Atmosphare, Fortschr.-Ber. VDI, Reihe 15, Nr. 64, pp. 307.Google Scholar
  11. Moussiopoulos, N., Sahm, P. and Kessler, Ch. 1995 Numerical Simulation of Photochemical Smog Formation in Athens, Greece a Case Study. Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 29.Google Scholar
  12. Rothermel, R. 1972 A Mathematical Model for Predicting Fire Spread in Wildland Fuels. USDA F.D. Research Paper. INT-115.Google Scholar
  13. Van Wagner 1973 Height of Cronw Scorch in Forest Fires. Can. J. For. Res. Vol. 3, pp.373–378.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ward, D. and Radke, L. 1993 Emissions Measurements from Vegetation Fires: A Comparative Evaluation of Methods and Results. In Fire in the Environment. The Ecological, Atmospheric, and Climatic Importance of Vegetation Fires. Ed. P. Crutzen, J. Goldammer. John Wiley & Sons. Chichester, England, pp. 53–76.Google Scholar
  15. Ward, D., Rothermel, R. and Bushey, C. 1993 Particulate Matter and Trace Gas Emissions from the Canyon Creek Fire of 1988. Proceedings of the 12th Fire and Forest Meteorology. Ed. Society of American Foresters. Georgia, U.S.A. pp. 62-76.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Borrego
    • 1
  • A. I. Miranda
    • 1
  • M. Nunes
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environment and PlanningUniversity of AveiroAveiroPortugal

Personalised recommendations