A Comprehensive Eulerian Modeling Framework for Airborne Mercury Species: Development and Testing of the Tropospheric Chemistry Module (TCM)

  • G. Petersen
  • J. Munthe
  • K. Pleijel
  • R. Bloxam
  • A. Vinod Kumar
Part of the NATO • Challenges of Modern Society book series (NATS, volume 22)


In recent years there has been a revival of interest in mercury as an atmospheric pollutant on local, regional and global geographical scales. An important indicator of increasing interest regarding mercury species in Europe’s atmosphere is the recent decision of the UN-ECE to prepare a protocol for heavy metals and persistent organic pollutants under its co-operative programme for monitoring and evaluation of the long range transmission of air pollutants (EMEP) with mercury as a priority substance. In North America, the 1990 U.S. Clean Air Act Amendments have identified mercury as one of the trace substances listed in the legislation as “hazardous air pollutants” because of its potentially significant effects on ecosystems and human health.


Soot Particle Cloud Water Elemental Mercury Mercury Species Cumulus Cloud 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Petersen
    • 1
  • J. Munthe
    • 2
  • K. Pleijel
    • 2
  • R. Bloxam
    • 3
  • A. Vinod Kumar
    • 4
  1. 1.GKSS Research CentreInstitute of HydrophysicsGeesthachtGermany
  2. 2.Swedish Environmental Research Institute (IVL)GöteborgSweden
  3. 3.Science and Technology BranchOntario Ministry of Environment and EnergyTorontoCanada
  4. 4.Environmental Assessment DivisionBhabha Atomic Research CentreMumbaiIndia

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