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The European Tracer Experiment Experimental Results and Database

  • Katrin Nodop
  • Richard Connolly
  • Francesco Girardi
Part of the NATO • Challenges of Modern Society book series (NATS, volume 22)

Abstract

As part of the European Tracer Experiment (ETEX) two successful atmospheric experiments were carried out in October and November, 1994. Perfluorocarbon (PFC) tracers were released into the atmosphere in Monterfil, Brittany, and air samples were taken at 168 stations in 17 European countries for 72 hours after the release. Upper air tracer measurements were made from three aircraft. During the first experiment a westerly air flow transported the tracer plume north-eastwards across Europe. During the second release the flow was eastwards. The results from the ground sampling network allowed the determination of the cloud evolution as far as Sweden, Poland and Bulgaria. Typical background concentrations of the tracer used are around 5 to 7 fl/l in ambient air. Concentrations in the plume ranged from 10 to above 200 fl/l.

Keywords

International Atomic Energy Agency Cold Front Tracer Experiment National Weather Service Weather Service 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. R. N. Dietz, Perfluorocarbon Tracer Technology, in: Sandroni (ed.), Regional and Long-range Transport of Air Pollution, 215-247 Elsevier Science Pub. (1986)Google Scholar
  2. F. Girardi, G. Graziani, W. Klug, K. Nodop, European Tracer Experiment, Description of the ETEX Project, EUR Report in prep., EC JRC Ispra 1997Google Scholar
  3. W. Klug, F. Girardi, G. Graziani, K. Nodop, ETEX, a European Atmospheric Tracer Experiment, in: Proc. Top. Meeting on Environmental Transport and Dosimetry, ANS, Charleston SC. 1993, pp. 147-149Google Scholar
  4. K. Nodop, R. Connolly, F. Girardi, European Tracer Experiment, First Release in October 1994, EUR Report in prep., EC JRC Ispra 1997Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katrin Nodop
    • 1
  • Richard Connolly
    • 1
  • Francesco Girardi
    • 1
  1. 1.Joint Research CentreEnvironment InstituteISPRA (Va)Italy

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