Long Range Transport of NOX, NOY, O3 and SOX over East Asia and the Western Pacific Ocean in Winter Season—A Numerical Analysis

  • Toshihiro Kitada
  • Masato Nishizawa
  • Yutaka Kondo
Part of the NATO • Challenges of Modern Society book series (NATS, volume 22)


The PEM West-B. Pacific Exploratory Mission West: phase B. experiment was carried out from the beginning of February to the mid of March. 1994. The experiment explored chemical composition of the atmosphere over the tropical Pacific Ocean and the Pacific rim area of Asia. The experiment is valuable for understanding of long range transport/transformation of air pollutants released over Asian industrial area in late winter and early spring, and is useful for model validation in semi-global scale.


Emission Source Western PACIFIC Ocean East ASIA Flight Height Anthropogenic Emission Source 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Toshihiro Kitada
    • 1
  • Masato Nishizawa
    • 1
  • Yutaka Kondo
    • 2
  1. 1.Dept. of Ecological EngineeringToyohashi University of TechnologyToyohashiJapan 441
  2. 2.Solar-Terrestrial Environment. Lab.Nagoya UniversityToyokawaJapan 442

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