Temporal and Spatial Scales for Transport and Transformation Processes in the Eastern Mediterranean
In several studies during the past, the urban plumes have been extensively considered. In these studies, the spatial and temporal scales of episodic conditions have been described and emphasis was given to the formation and evolution of air pollution episodes within city limits (or in an area covering a few tens of kilometers around the city) and for a time period of one to two days. Moreover, the weather phenomena exhibiting strong diurnal variations (e. g. sea/land-breezes, upslope/downslope and drainage flows, orographic effects, heat islands etc.) were emphasized. The influence of the regional scale phenomena in such cases was not considered on a systematic manner. Actually, the role of phenomena with wavelengths larger than a few tens of kilometers was considered as not important for the formation of a specific air quality over the city of consideration. During the last few years, the influence of regional scale forcing on the formation of specific air quality conditions was found to be important. Kallos et al. (1993) reported that the regional scale phenomena should contribute significantly in the formation of specific air quality conditions in the Greater Athens Area (GAA). Luria et al. (1996) showed that significant degradation of the air quality in some areas should be attributed to regional scale transport phenomena. While the physicochemical properties of various urban plumes have been described at the urban scale with the aid of organized experimental campaigns and/or mesoscale and photochemical modeling (e. g. Ziomas, 1996), not enough attention was paid to the properties of the urban plume as it is passing to areas relatively far from its origin. Consequently, the urban plume impact on remote locations has not been extensively studied. Such phenomena should be considered as very important in some cases, especially in areas with specific characteristics like the Mediterranean Region.
KeywordsMiddle East Marine Boundary Layer Regional Atmospheric Modelling System Airborne Measurement Great Athens Area
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