AIDS Education pp 189-194 | Cite as

Evaluation of School Programs for HIV Prevention in Italy

  • Teresa Spadea
  • Piero Borgia
  • Valeria De Pascali
  • Patrizia Schifano
  • Carlo A. Perucci


School programs for HIV prevention have been widely promoted in the last years. Preventive campaigns that have clearly shown some effectiveness1 are carried out following the recommendations made by the World Health Organization amongst others2,3,4, of using social learning theories, developing skills, and accounting for all the emotional and practical components that can induce behavioral changes in a young population. Nonetheless, due to the scarcity of economic and professional availability, large-scale programs are usually implemented, particularly in countries other than the United States with less strict criteria than those recommended and their methodology is necessarily weaker. Furthermore, such programs are rarely evaluated by scientifically sound methods5.


Risk Perception School Program Sexual Health Education Knowledge Section School Health Education 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Kirby D, Short L, Collins J, et al. School-based programs to reduce sexual risk behaviors: a review of effectiveness. Public Health Rep 1994; 109:339–360.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    WHO. School health education to prevent AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases. WHO AIDS Series 10, Geneva, 1992.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Di Clemente RJ. Preventing HIV/AIDS among adolescents. Schools as agents of behavior change. J Am Med Assoc 1993; 270:760–762.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kirby D. Sex and HIV/AIDS education in schools. BMJ 1995; 311:403.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Oakley A, Fullerton D, Holland J, et al. Sexual health education interventions for young people: a methodological review. BMJ 1995; 310:158–162.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Centro Operativo AIDS (COA). Aggiornamento dei casi di AIDS notificati in Italia al 30 giugno 1995. Notiziario dell’Istituto Superiore di Sanità 1995; Vol.8, N.8(Suppl.3).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Osservatorio Epidemiologico Regione Lazio. Sistema di Sorveglianza e Controllo dell ’AIDS e delle Infezioni da HIV. Aggiornamento al 30 giugno 1995. Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ministero della Sanità — Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Commissione Nazionale per la lotta contro l’AIDS, Ministero della Pubblica Istruzione. Linee guida per gli interventi di educazione alla salute e di prevenzione delle infezioni da HIV nella scuola. 1992. ISTISAN 92/4.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ministero della Sanità — Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Commissione Nazionale per la lotta contro l’AIDS, Ministero della Pubblica Istruzione. Educazione alla salute e prevenzione dell’AIDS nella scuola. 1993.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bertinato L, Caffarelli E, Greco D, Poli S (eds.). European seminar on health education and HIV/AIDS prevention in schools. Proceedings. Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Roma 1995. ISTISAN 95/30 EN.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Perucci CA, Borgia P, Abeni D, Todini G. Health education for AIDS prevention among students. V International Conference on AIDS, Montreal, 1989. Abstracts; W.E.P. 45:867.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Borgia P, Perucci CA, De Pascali V, Spadea T, Fano V, Schifano P, et al. HIV e scuola. I programmi di educazione sanitaria per la prevenzione delle infezioni HIV e dell’AIDS nel Lazio. Progetto Salute 1994; 27.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Koepsell TD, Martin DC, Diehr PH, et al. Data analysis and sample size issues in evaluations of community-based health promotion and disease prevention programs: a mixed-model analysis of variance approach. J Clin Epidemiol 1991; 44:701–713.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kennedy MG, O’Hara P, Fichtner RR, Fishbein M. Do intentions to use condoms predict actual condom use among youth at risk of dropping out of high school? 9th International Conference on AIDS Education: Interventions in multi-cultural societies, Jerusalem, 1995. Abstracts:22.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Teresa Spadea
    • 1
  • Piero Borgia
    • 1
  • Valeria De Pascali
    • 1
  • Patrizia Schifano
    • 1
  • Carlo A. Perucci
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EpidemiologyLazio RegionRomeItaly

Personalised recommendations