AIDS Education pp 179-187 | Cite as

Success by Regular Classroom Teachers in Implementing a Model Elementary School AIDS Education Curriculum

  • David J. Schonfeld
  • Ellen C. Perrin
  • Marcia Quackenbush
  • Linda L. O’Hare
  • Donald R. Showalter
  • Domenic V. Cicchetti


The study that will be described in this chapter is the third phase of a five-year project funded by the National Institute of Mental Health (School-based AIDS Education & Children’s Health Concepts MH47251) to investigate the process of conceptual development by which healthy elementary school-age children acquire an understanding of the concepts of health as related to HIV infection and AIDS and the efficacy of school-based education in promoting the acquisition of these concepts. The first phase of the study involved the collection of normative data regarding children’s health concepts and AIDS through the administration of a semi-structured interview (ASK—AIDS Survey for Kids) to a cross-sectional sample (N=361) of elementary school-age children attending regular education classes in four public schools in New Haven, Connecticut (U.S.A.). This phase provided the data necessary for the creation of a developmentally-based curricula and the standardization of the research interview (ASK) that was utilized as the principal outcome measure for subsequent phases. (Schonfeld, Johnson, Perrin, O’Hare & Cicchetti, 1993)


Conceptual Understanding Acquire Immunodeficiency Syndrome Casual Contact Kindergarten Student Regular Classroom Teacher 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Centers for Disease Control. (1990). HIV-related knowledge and behaviors among high school students—Selected U.S. sites, 1989. MMWR 39(23): 385–397.Google Scholar
  2. Dunn L, Dunn L. (1981). Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test—Revised. Manual for Forms L and M. Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service.Google Scholar
  3. DuRant R, Ashworth C, Newman C, Gaillard G. (1992). High school students’ knowledge of HIV/AIDS and perceived risk of currently having AIDS. J Sch Health 62(2): 59–63.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Goodman E, Cohall A. (1989). Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and adolescents: Knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors in a New York City adolescent minority population. Pediatrics 84(1): 36–42.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Handler A, Lampman C, Levy S, Weeks K, Rashid J, Flay B. (1994). Attitudes toward people with AIDS and implications for school-based youth AIDS education. AIDS Education and Prevention 6(2): 175–183.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Hausman A, Ruzek S. (1995). Implementation of comprehensive school health education in elementary schools: focus on teacher concerns. Journal of School Health 65(3): 81–86.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hingson R, Strunin L, Berlin B. (1990). Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome transmission: Changes in knowledge and behaviors among teenagers, Massachusetts statewide surveys, 1986 to 1988. Pediatrics 85(1): 24–29.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Johnson S, Schonfeld D, Siegel D, Krasnovsky F, Boyce J, Saliba P, Boyce W, Perrin E. (1994). What do elementary students understand about the causes of AIDS, colds, and obesity? J Dev Behav Pediatr 15(4): 239–247.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kann L, Anderson J, Holtzman D, Ross J, Truman B, Collins J, Kolbe L. (1991). HIV-related knowledge, beliefs, and behaviors among high school students in the United States: Results from a national survey. J Sch Health 61(9): 397–401.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Levy S, Perhats C, Weeks K, Handler A, Zhu C, Flay B. (1995). Impact of a school-based AIDS prevention program on risk and protective behavior for newly sexually active students. Journal of School Health 65(4): 145–151.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Schonfeld D, Johnson S, Perrin E, O’Hare L, Cicchetti D. (1993). Understanding of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome by elementary school children—A developmental survey. Pediatrics 92(3): 389–395.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Schonfeld D, O’Hare L, Perrin E, Quackenbush M, Showalter D, Cicchetti D. (1995). A randomized, controlled trial of a school-based, multi-faceted AIDS education program in the elementary grades: the impact on comprehension, knowledge and fears. Pediatrics 95(4):480–486.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Schonfeld D, Quackenbush M. (1996a). Teaching Kids About... How AIDS Works. A Curriculum for Grades K-3. Santa Cruz, CA: ETR Associates.Google Scholar
  14. Schonfeld D, Quackenbush M. (1996b). Teaching Kids About... How AIDS Works. A Curriculum for Grades 4–6. Santa Cruz, CA: ETR Associates.Google Scholar
  15. Siegel D, Lazarus N, Krasnovsky F, Durbin M, Chesney M. (1991). AIDS knowledge, attitudes, and behavior among inner city, junior high school students. J Sch Health 61(4): 160–165.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Skurnick J, Johnson R, Quinones M, Foster J, Louria D. (1991). New Jersey high school students’ knowledge, attitudes, and behavior regarding AIDS. AIDS Education and Prevention 3(1): 21–30.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Sly D, Eberstein I, Quadagno D, Kistner J. (1992). Young children’s awareness, knowledge, and beliefs about AIDS: observations from a pretest. AIDS Education and Prevention 4(3): 227–239.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Steiner J, Sorokin G, Schiedermayer D, Van Susteren T. (1990). Are adolescents getting smarter about acquired immunodeficiency syndrome? Changes in knowledge and attitude over the past 5 years. Am J Dis Child 144: 302–306.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Strunin L, Hingson R. (1987). Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and adolescents: knowledge, beliefs, attitudes and behaviors. Pediatrics 79(5): 825–828.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Werch C, Young M, Clark M, Garrett C, Hooks S, Kersten C. (1991). Effects of a take-home drug prevention program on drug-related communication and beliefs of parents and children. Journal of School Health 61(8): 346–350.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • David J. Schonfeld
    • 1
  • Ellen C. Perrin
    • 2
  • Marcia Quackenbush
    • 3
  • Linda L. O’Hare
    • 4
  • Donald R. Showalter
    • 5
  • Domenic V. Cicchetti
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics and the Child Study CenterYale University School of MedicineNew HavenUSA
  2. 2.Department of PediatricsUniversity of MassachusettsWorcesterUSA
  3. 3.AIDS Health ProjectUniversity of California San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  4. 4.Department of PediatricsYale University School of MedicineNew HavenUSA
  5. 5.West Haven VA Medical CenterWest HavenUSA
  6. 6.Child Study Center and Department of PsychiatryYale University School of MedicineNew HavenUSA

Personalised recommendations