Force Transmission Through the Proximal Carpal Row

  • Hans P. Kern
  • Hilaire A. C. Jacob
  • Gontran R. Sennwald
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 256)


Knowledge of force transmission through the wrist is of paramount importance in understanding the normal joint mechanics, and in finding an explanation for the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis and other degenerative deformations like, for example, Kienböcks disease. Also, the reconstruction of ligaments and the performance of partial intracarpal arthrodesis of the wrist bones often leads to unsatisfactory results. This has prompted us to study the intracarpal force transmission in the immediate environment of the proximal carpal row. In contrast to the fingers and the forearm, the determination of forces of several carpal bones is reflected in just a few studies.6,9,11,12,13,14,15 We first used a simplified mathematical model and then carried out measurements on fresh autopsy specimens to confirm our findings.


Force Transmission Carpal Bone Flexor Carpus Radialis Ulnar Deviation Radial Deviation 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hans P. Kern
    • 1
  • Hilaire A. C. Jacob
    • 1
  • Gontran R. Sennwald
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Biomechanics Unit, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, BalgristUniversity of ZürichZürichSwitzerland
  2. 2.Chirurgie St. LeonhardSt. GallenSwitzerland

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