Dyeable Fibers from Blends of Polypropylene

  • Pushpa Bajaj
  • A. C. Vashista
  • Amir Modjarrad
Conference paper

Abstract

Unmodified polypropylene fiber is difficult to dye due to the absence of dye sites in the molecular chain. Further, the high crystallinity is a deterrent to the diffusion of dyes. Because of its hydrocarbon nature and high crystallinity, unmodified polypropylene fiber is likely to be penetrated only by oleophilic dye molecules. Since smaller amounts of oleophilic dyestuffs are available for the penetration of such a dye molecule, either the pure hydrocarbon nature of the polymer must be changed or some submicroscopic discontinuities with high interfacial energy should be created within the fiber for dye molecules.

Keywords

Shear Rate Apparent Diffusion Coefficient Polypropylene Fiber Blend Fiber Dyeable Fiber 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    M. Ahmed, “Polypropylene Fibres-Science and Technology,” Elsevier Scientific Publications Co., New York (1982).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. Share, Rev. Prog. Coloration, 6, 7 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    D. R. Bash, Proc. 2nd Intern. Conf. on PP Fibers and Textiles, PRI, London (1979).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    W. H. Skoroszewski and B. Cope Cer. Offen. 2,354,922. cf. Chem. Abstr., 81, 79278 (1974).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    T. Abeta and Y. Memoi, Japan Pat. 74,14,861, Chem. Abstr., 81, 171231 (1974).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. Morita, Japan Kokai Pat. 76,40,110, Chem. Abstr., 86, 156915 (1977).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Xiang-Feng, Kao Fen Tzu Hung Hisum 5, 285, 290 (1979).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. Judge and J. Nebe, 2nd Intern. Conf. on PP Fibers, PRI, London (1979).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. L. White, J. E. Spruiell, and B. C. Goswami, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 28, 2011 (1983).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    M. A. Halim, Ph.D. Thesis on “X-ray diffraction studies of PP, polyamide fibres,” University of Manchester (1980).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    R. A. Gill and C. Benzomin, Plastics and Rubber Processing, (March 1980).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    R. J. Harwood, R. McGregor, and R. H. Peters, J. Soc. Dyers and Color, 88, 216 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. N. Beck and H. D. Ledbetter, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 9, 2131 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    K. Friedrich, Prog. Colloid Polym. Sci., 66, 299 (1979).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    S. Rosenbaum, Textile Res. J., 34, 291 (1964).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pushpa Bajaj
    • 1
  • A. C. Vashista
    • 1
  • Amir Modjarrad
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Textile TechnologyIndian Institute of Technology, DelhiNew DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations