The Menstrual Cycle: Effects on Bone in Menopausal Women

  • Susan I. Barr
  • Jerilynn C. Prior
Part of the Advances in Nutritional Research book series (ANUR, volume 9)


For many years it has been recognized that a significant loss of bone occurs in women at the time of menopause (Riggs and Melton, 1986). However, the importance to bone integrity of regular exposure to both estrogen and progesterone throughout a woman’s reproductive life has received little recognition until recently. The purposes of this chapter are: (1) to demonstrate that disturbances of the menstrual cycle are not uncommon and are often clinically silent; (2) to demonstrate that these disturbances have significant effects on bone in premenopausal women; and (3) to discuss effects of exercise and nutritional parameters on the menstrual cycle, and through this mechanism, their potential to affect bone.


Bone Density Luteinizing Hormone Menstrual Cycle Anorexia Nervosa Luteal Phase 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susan I. Barr
    • 1
  • Jerilynn C. Prior
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Family and Nutritional SciencesUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  2. 2.Department of MedicineUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

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