Some Applications of Geometric Morphometrics to Ostracoda

  • Richard A. Reyment
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 284)


Case histories of the application of geometric and algebraic morphometrics to the study of shape variation in fossil and living Ostracoda are reviewed. Evidence for polymorphism in shape is presented for the luminescent species Vargula hilgendorfii from Japan. Divergence in valve shape as a function of time for the fossil (Oligocene) species Neobuntonia airella from southeastern Australia is demonstrated. Many of the geometrically obtained results for Vargula hilgendorfii could be duplicated by the multivariate analysis of distance measures.


Latent Root Latent Vector Generalize Distance Weight Matrice Centroid Size 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bookstein, F. L. 1989. Principal warps: thin-plate splines and the decomposition of deformations. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 11: 567–585.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bookstein, F. L. 1991. Morphometric tools for landmark data: Geometry and biology. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.Google Scholar
  3. Burnaby, T. P. 1966. Growth invariant discriminant functions and generalized distances. Biometrics 22: 96–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Gower, J. C. 1967. Multivariate analysis and multidimensional geometry. The Statistician 17: 13–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Jolicoeur, P. 1963. The multivariate generalization of the allometry equation. Biometrics 19: 497–499.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Penrose, L. S. 1954. Distance, size and shape. Annals of Eugenics 18: 337–343.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Rao, C. R. 1966. Discriminant functions between composite hypotheses and related problems. Biometrika 53: 339–345.Google Scholar
  8. Reyment, R. A. 1991. Multidimensional palaeobiology. Pergamon Press: Oxford.Google Scholar
  9. Reyment, R. A. and K. Abe. 1995. Morphometrics of Vargula hilgendorfii (Müller) ( Ostr., Crust.). Mitt. Hamb. Zool. Mus. Inst., 92: 325–336.Google Scholar
  10. Reyment, R. A., R. E. Blackith, and N. A. Campbell. 1984. Multivariate morphometrics. 2nd edition, Academic Press: London.Google Scholar
  11. Reyment, R. A. and K. G. JSreskog 1993. Applied factor analysis in the natural sciences. Cambridge University Press: New York.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Vannier, J. and K. Abe. 1993. Functional morphology and behavior of Vargula hilgendorfii (Ostracoda: Myodocopida) from Japan, and discussion of its crustacean ectoparasites: Preliminary results from video recordings. Journal of Crustacean Biology 13: 51–76.Google Scholar
  13. Wright, S. 1932. General, group and special size factors. Genetics 17: 603–619.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard A. Reyment
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Earth Sciences, Department of Historical Geology and PalaeontologyUniversity of UppsalaUppsalaSweden

Personalised recommendations