The Use of mtDNA for the Identification of Plant Parasitic Nematodes
Mitochondria from all organisms studied to date have their own mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), distinct from that of the nucleus. Animal mtDNA carries the genetic information for two rRNAs, a complete set of tRNAs and only a few essential components of the respiratory complexes: three subunits of the cytochrome oxidase (COI, COII and COIII), the cytochrome b (Cyt b), the subunits 6 and 8 of the Fo ATPase complex and several subunits of the NADH dehydrogenase (ND1-ND6 and ND4L). In addition, each molecule contains a control region in which signals of DNA duplication and transcription are included (for a review see Wolstenholme, 1993).
KeywordsMitochondrial Genome Codon Usage Complete Nucleotide Sequence Plant Parasitic Nematode Meloidogyne Species
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