The Effect of Eucapnic and Isocapnic Volitional Hyperventilation Upon Breathlessness

  • Andrew Binks
  • James Reed
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 450)


Under given circumstances breathlessness increases with increasing ventilation, and is usually estimated with respect to the prevailing level of ventilation. Under normal reflex (medullary) control ventilation is set at a metabolically appropriate level; volitional (cortical) breathing allows inappropriate levels of ventilation. The role of such inappropriate ventilation in the generation of breathlessness has been previously addressed, but with conflicting results.


Breathing Pattern Apply Physiology Respiratory Sensation Submaximal Exercise Test Prevailing Level 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew Binks
    • 1
  • James Reed
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physiological Sciences, Medical SchoolUniversity of Newcastle upon TyneNewcastle upon TyneUK

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