Phase Relations Between Rhythmical Forearm Movements and Breathing Under Normacapnic and Hypercapnic Conditions

  • Dietrich Ebert
  • Beate Raßler
  • Siegfried Waurick
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 450)


Sensory and cognitive processes, for instance, listening to texts20 or music9,10, or imagination of a movement4 can influence breathing. Rhythmical limb movements were found to influence breathing during walking1,13,15,18, running2,3, cycling8,12,14,22, rowing16,21, tapping24. As well finger tracking17 as eye movements23 have been shown to be related to certain plhases of the ongoing breathing cycle. In most of these studies coordination of breathing with periodic free movements at spontaneous rates was analyzed. Some investigations, however, demonstrated the pronounced influence of movement rate on frequency and stability of coordination6,7,18.


Tracking Movement Couple Oscillator Target Rate Breathing Rate Phase Interval 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dietrich Ebert
    • 1
  • Beate Raßler
    • 1
  • Siegfried Waurick
    • 1
  1. 1.Carl-Ludwig-Institute of PhysiologyUniversity of LeipzigLeipzigGermany

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