The Main Systemic, Highly Effective, and Quickly Acting Antimicrobial Mechanisms Generated by Lactoferrin in Mammals in Vivo

Activity in Health and Disease
  • Tadeusz Zagulski
  • Zofia Jarzabek
  • Alina Zagulska
  • Michael Zimecki
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 443)


The function of iron ions in life processes is unusual. Because its property of easy changes of its oxidation state from plus two to plus three and vice-versa, iron has been used by Nature for the creation of life. All organisms from microorganisms to mammals, utilising oxygen, need iron. Iron is necessary for all living cells, as a crucial ion in many enzymes, particulary in enzymes acting in cell energetic machinery.


Serum Transferrin Serum Iron Level Killing System Exocellular Protease Decrease Serum Iron 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tadeusz Zagulski
    • 1
  • Zofia Jarzabek
    • 1
  • Alina Zagulska
    • 1
  • Michael Zimecki
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Genetics and Animal BreedingPolish Academy of SciencesJastrzebiec, MrokówPoland
  2. 2.Institute of Immunology and Experimental TherapyPolish Academy of SciencesWroclawPoland

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