Thermal Strain of Pipes Composed with High Strength Polyethylene Fiber Reinforced Plastics at Cryogenic Temperatures

  • Toshihiro Kashima
  • Atsuhiko Yamanaka
  • Shigehiro Nishijima
  • Toichi Okada
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering Materials book series (ACRE, volume 42)


High strength polyethylene fiber (Dyneema® fiber; hereinafter abbreviated to DF) has a large negative thermal expansion coefficient. Several kinds of pipes were prepared by means of filament winding or sheet winding method. The thermal strain or residual stress of those pipes were measured at liquid nitrogen temperature. The thermal strain was also calculated and was compared with the measured values. The circumferential thermal strain of the inner surface was found to be much different from that of outer surface. The circumferential strain changed with the ratio of inner diameter to thickness of pipes. The mean thermal strain of inner and outer surface was found to agree well with that of calculated value. It was confirmed that the negative thermal expansion can be realized even in the pipes. The design methodology of the pipes with negative thermal expansion was discussed.


Residual Stress Thermal Strain Circumferential Strain Thermal Contraction Negative Thermal Expansion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    G. T. Davis, R. K. Eby and J. P. Colson, Thermal expansion of polyethylene unit cell, J. Appl. Phys.,41,4316(1970)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    G. K. White and C. L. Choy, Thermal expansion and Grüneisen parameters of isotropic and oriented polyethylene, J. Polym. Sci. Polym. Phys. Ed., 22, 835(1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    L. E. Govaert, B. Brown and P. Smith, Temperature dependence of the Young’s modulus of oriented polyethylene, Macromolecules, 25, 3480(1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    C. L. Choy, S. P. Wong and K. Young, Temperature dependence of the thermal expansivity of polymer crystals, J. Polym. Sci. Polym. Phys. Ed., 22, 979(1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    T. Okada, S. Nishijima, K. Takahata and J. Ymamoto, Research and development of insulating materials for large helical device, Cryogenics, 31, 307(1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    T. Kashima, S. Nishijima and T. Okada, Cryogenic material using high strength polyehtylene fiber, 44th Meeting on Cryogenics and Superconductivity, 245(1991)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. Uemura, H. Iyama and Y. Noguchi, Compressive fracture strength of helically wound composite cylinder, J. Jpn. Soc. Aero. Space Sci., 24, 496(1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    T. Ishikawa and S. Kobayashi, Thermal expansion coefficients of unidirectional fiber reinforced composite, J. Jpn. Soc. Aero. Space Sci., 25, 394(1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. Uemura, H. Iyama and Y. Yamaguchi, Thermal expansion coefficient and residual stresses in filament wound CFRP materials, J. Jpn. Soc. Aero. Space Sci., 26,471(1978)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Toshihiro Kashima
    • 1
  • Atsuhiko Yamanaka
    • 1
  • Shigehiro Nishijima
    • 2
  • Toichi Okada
    • 2
  1. 1.Research InstituteToyobo Co., Ltd.Katata Ohtsu ShigaJapan
  2. 2.ISIROsaka UniversityIbaraki Osaka 567Japan

Personalised recommendations