Effect of 3221-Phase on Phase Formation and Superconducting Properties of Bi-2223/Ag Tapes

  • J. N. Li
  • H. K. Liu
  • S. X. Dou
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 44)


Single phase (Bi,Pb)3Sr2Ca2CuOy (3221) was synthesised using a solid reaction method. Up to 10 wt% of 3221 powder was mixed with (Bi,Pb)2Sr2Ca2Cu3OX (2223) precursor powders and silver-sheathed superconducting tapes were prepared using these powders by powder-in-tube technique. The phase formation, grain morphologies and impurity distributions were characterised by XRD and SEM. The electrical transport properties of the tapes were investigated in both a self-field and an external magnetic field. Although thermodynamically stable, the 3221 phase decomposes when mixed with 2223 precursor powder and sintered. Less-textured 2223 and an increased amount 2212 phase were found in the heavily-doped tapes. It is suggested that extra Pb in the 2223 matrix, arising from the 3221 phase decomposition, could affect the 2223 phase growth dynamics. Critical current declines dramatically with increasing concentration of 3221. This is ascribed to poor electrical connection of the 2223 grains arising from the decreased texture and also from the presence of 3221 and 2212 phases at grain boundaries.


Critical Current Density Grain Morphology Precursor Powder Phase Decomposition Electrical Transport Property 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Y.B.Huang, G.F de la Fuente, A Larrea and R.Navarro, Supercond. Sci. Technol. 7. 759 (1994).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    J.A.Parrell, D.C.Larbalestier and S.E.Dorris, IEEE Trans. Appl.Supercond. 5. 1275 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    J.A.Parrell, D.C.Larblestier, G.N.Riley, Jr., Q.Li, R.D.Parrella and M.Teplitsky. Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2915 (1996).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    M.Lelovic, T.Deis, N.G.Eror, U.Balachandran and P.Haldar, preprint.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    S.X.Dou, H.K.Liu, Y.L.Zhang and W.M.Bian, Supercond. Sci. Technol. 4, 203 (1991).ADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    W.G.Wang, J.Horvat, J.N.Li, H.K.Liu and S.X.Dou, submit to Physica C (1997).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    J-C Grivel, A.Jeremie, B Hensel and R. Flükiger, Supercond. Sci. Technol. 6, 725 (1993).ADSGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    B.Hensel, G.Grasso, D.P.Grindatto, H.-Unissen and Flükiger, Physica C 249, 247 (1995).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. N. Li
    • 1
  • H. K. Liu
    • 1
  • S. X. Dou
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Superconducting and Electronic MaterialsThe University of WollongongAustralia

Personalised recommendations