AC Loss and Contact Resistance in Nb3Sn Rutherford Cables With and Without a Stainless Steel Core

  • M. D. Sumption
  • E. W. Collings
  • R. M. Scanlan
  • A. Nijhuis
  • H. H. J. ten Kate
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 44)


Calorimetric measurements of AC loss and hence interstrand contact resistance (IRC), were measured on two types of Rutherford cable wound with unplated Nb3Sn strand. One of the cable types was furnished with a thin core of AISI 316L stainless steel and the other was left uncored. The cables were subjected to pressures of 5, 10, and 20 MPa, respectively, during reaction heat treatment (RHT), and to 100 MPa during measurement. AC loss was measured at 4.2 K in sinusoidal fields of amplitudes 200 and 400 mT at frequencies of 5 to 90 mHz both with and without the presence of DC bias fields of up to 1 T. The transverse fields were applied both parallel and perpendicular to the face of the cable. For the cored cable IRC was relatively high, typically 70 μΩ at 1 T. On the other hand for the uncored cable at 1 T, IRC was more than an order of magnitude lower; also for the uncored cable IRC was found to decrease still further with decreasing bias field. Since the strand contained a Ta-protected Nb diffusion barrier it was deduced that the application of the bias field altered the way in which eddy currents flowed within the strand, in one case (0 T) via the Nb barrier and the Cu sheath, and in the other (1 T) via the A15 filaments, the bronze, and the sheath, which led to a higher IRC. It is concluded that AC loss in a Nb3Sn-strand Rutherford cable can be significantly moderated both by paying attention to strand design as well as through the insertion of a core.


Contact Resistance Eddy Current Bias Field Coupling Loss Lawrence Berkeley Labaratory 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. D. Sumption
    • 1
  • E. W. Collings
    • 1
  • R. M. Scanlan
    • 2
  • A. Nijhuis
    • 3
  • H. H. J. ten Kate
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  2. 2.Lawrence Berkeley LaboratorySuperconducting Magnet GroupBerkeleyUSA
  3. 3.Applied Superconductivity CenterUniversity of TwenteEnschedeThe Netherlands

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