Increasing the Useful Life of Quench Reliefs with Inconel Bellows

  • W. M. Soyars
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 43)


Reliable quench relief valves are an important part of superconducting magnet systems. Fermilab developed bellows-actuated cryogenic quench reliefs which have been in use since the early 1980’s. The original design uses a stainless steel bellows. A high frequency, low amplitude vibration during relieving events has resulted in fatigue failures in the original design. To take advantage of the improved resistance to fatigue of Inconel, a nickel-chromium alloy, reliefs using Inconel 625 bellows were made. Design, development, and testing of the new version reliefs will be discussed. Tests show that relief valve lifetimes using Inconel bellows are more than five times greater than when using the original stainless steel bellows. Inconel bellows show great promise in increasing the lifetime of quench relief valves, and thus the reliability of accelerator cryogenic systems.


Solenoid Valve Test Fixture Relief Valve Actual Quench Valve Assembly 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. M. Soyars
    • 1
  1. 1.Fermi National Accelerator LaboratoryBataviaUSA

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