An Update on Estimating the Cost of Cryogenic Refrigeration

  • R. A. Byrns
  • M. A. Green
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 43)


This paper is an update of a report written in 19911 concerning cost estimating of refrigeration for superconducting magnets. This report updates cost data collected by Strobridge2,3,4 over 20 years ago and data collected by these authors. The actual costs have been inflated to 1997 dollars and are plotted. A correlation function between cost and refrigeration at 4.5 K and 1.8 K is given. An annual cost for refrigeration can also be estimated based on the refrigeration at 4.5 K or 1.8 K and the cost of electrical energy. A correlation function for estimating input power to the compressors to the refrigeration produced at 4.5 K and 1.8 K is also given.


Annual Cost Capital Cost Carnot Cycle High Capital Cost Computer Control System 
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  1. 1.
    M. A. Green, R. A. Byrns and S. J. St. Lorant, “Estimating the Cost of Superconducting Magnets and the Refrigerators Needed to Keep Them Cold,” Advances in Cryogenic Engineering 37, p 637, (1991)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    T. R. Strobridge, D. B. Mann, and D. B. Chelton, “Preliminary Analysis of Refrigeration Requirements for Superconducting Magnets in the Experimental Area of the 200 BeV Accelerator,” National Bureau of Standards, Report 9259, October 1966.Google Scholar
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    J. T. R. Strobridge, IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science NS-16, No. 2, p. 1104 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    T. R. Strobridge, “Cryogenic Refrigerators, An Updated Survey,” NBS Technical Note 655, June 1974.Google Scholar
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    R. A. Byrns, “Large Helium Refrigerators and Liquefiers,” Chapter 15, Cryogenic Engineering. B. Hands, Ed., Academic Press, Inc., London (1984).Google Scholar
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    American Inst. Economic Resources, Economic Education Bulletin, November 1996Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. A. Byrns
    • 1
  • M. A. Green
    • 1
  1. 1.E. O. Lawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

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