Recent Progress in the Application of Magnetic Regenerator Materials

  • T. Hashimoto
  • H. Nakane
  • T. Tsukagoshi
  • H. Nakagome
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 43)


Various magnetic materials have a large peak in heat capacity C(T) in the vicinity of liquid helium temperature at 7c (magnetic phase transition temperature). However, a single magnetic material is not sufficient for regenerative operations since the peak in C(T) is narrow. Therefore, an important consideration in the development of a magnetic regenerator is the sequencing of the magnetic materials so as to produce the best C(T) distribution. To find out the highest heat exchange effectiveness of a regenerator (regenerator effectiveness), a study was conducted into the effectiveness of multi-layer regenerators composed of several rare-earth compounds with different T C by computer simulation.

The simulation clearly indicated that regenerator effectiveness increases as the number of layers is increased. Among all the different compounds tested, maximum effectiveness was obtained in the case of a two-layer regenerator of Er0.9Yb0.1Ni and Er3Co; a three-layer regenerator of ErNio0.8Co0.2, Er0.9Yb0.1Ni and Er3 Co; and a four-layer regenerator of ErNi0.8Co0.2, Er0.9Yb0.1Ni, ErNi and Er3 Co inserted in sequence from cold to hot.

The refrigeration power of a four-layer regenerator is expected to be twice as much as that of a single-layer Er3Ni.


Phase Transition Temperature Magnetic Phase Transition Regenerator Effectiveness Liquid Helium Temperature Regenerative Operation 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Hashimoto
    • 1
  • H. Nakane
    • 2
  • T. Tsukagoshi
    • 3
  • H. Nakagome
    • 4
  1. 1.Tokyo Institute of Technology (Prof. Emeritus)Meguro-ku, Tokyo, 152Japan
  2. 2.Kogakuin UniversityShinjuku-ku, TokyoJapan
  3. 3.NTT CorporationYokohama-shi, KanagawaJapan
  4. 4.Toshiba CorporationKawasaki-shi, Kanagawa, 210Japan

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