Development of Intermetallic Compounds for Use as Magnetic Refrigerators or Regenerators

  • M. Foldeaki
  • A. Giguere
  • R. Chahine
  • T. K. Bose
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 43)


Materials with complex magnetic order and complex phase transitions are our best hope in search for the giant magnetocaloric effect. Members of the RT2 family of intermetallic compounds (R=Dy, Gd, Er Ho, T=Co, Ni, Al) are known to display high magnetocaloric effects. In this study, we investigate, how the classical magnetic properties correlate with the presence of high magnetocaloric effects. This knowledge provides a useful tool to identify promising materials from literature surveys and simultaneously helps the researcher to a better understanding of the material’s behavior and offer useful additional data to the refrigerator designer. We report here beyond the usual magnetic entropy change measurements on the compounds’ response to field and temperature cycling as well as on their time-dependent response to an instantaneous change of the external field. It will be shown that unusually high magnetic entropy changes are coupled with increased irreversibility, with respect to both field and temperature, and with a fast, asymmetrical relaxation. For the best materials, the irreversibility persists up to fields in the tesla range. Simultaneously, it is shown that slight irregularities in processing and consequently in structure, result in dramatic changes in the nature of the transition and reduces the value of the observed magnetocaloric effect as well.


Magnetocaloric Effect Magnetic Entropy Change Magnetic Refrigeration Time Dependent Response Sharp Cusp 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    J. A. Barclay, Prospects for magnetic liquefaction of hydrogen, Proc. XVIII. International Congress on Refrigration, Montreal, 1991, Vol I., p. 297.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    B. D. Cullity: “Introduction to Magnetic Materials,” Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA (1972).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. Cyrot and M. Lavagna, Density of states and magnetic properties of rare-earth compound RFe2, RCo2 and RNi2, J. Phys. 40:763 (1979)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. I. Bartashevich, H. Aruga Katori, T. Goto, H. Wada, T. Maeda, T. Mori and M. Shiga, Collapse of the itinerant Co moment in Er1-xLuxCo2 by the application of high magnetic fields, Physica B 229: 315 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    T. D. Kuong, L. Havela, V. Sechovsky, A. V Andreev, Z. Arnold, J. Kamarad and N. H. Duc, Band metamagnetism and related phenomena in Er(Co1-xSix)2, J. Appl. Phys. 81:4221(1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. Foldeaki, R. Chahine, and T. K. Bose, Magnetic meausurements: A powerful tool in magnetic refrigerator design, J. Appl. Phys. 77: 3528 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. Arrott, Criterion for Ferromagnetism from Observations of Magnetic Isotherms, Phys. Rev. 108: 1394 (1957)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    K. P. Belov: “Magnetic Transitions” Boston Technical, Cambridge (1995)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. Aharony and E. Pytte, Infinite susceptibility phase in random uniaxial anisotropy magnets, Phys. Rev. Letters, 45: 1583 (1980)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. Giguere, M. Foldeaki, R. A. Dunlap, R. Chahine, Magnetic properties of Dy-Zr nanocomposites, in preparationGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Foldeaki
    • 1
  • A. Giguere
    • 1
  • R. Chahine
    • 1
  • T. K. Bose
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute de Recherche sur l’hydrogeneUQTRQuebecCanada

Personalised recommendations